Archives of Virology

, 151:2301 | Cite as

Isolation of avian influenza viruses from two different transhemispheric migratory shorebird species in Australia

  • A. C. Hurt
  • P. M. Hansbro
  • P. Selleck
  • B. Olsen
  • C. Minton
  • A. W. Hampson
  • I. G. Barr
Brief Report


Shorebirds on their southerly migration from Siberia to Australia, may pass through Asian regions currently experiencing outbreaks of highly pathogenic H5N1 influenza. To test for the presence of avian influenza viruses in migratory shorebirds arriving in Australia during spring 2004, 173 cloacal swabs were collected from six species. Ten swabs were positive for influenza A, with H4N8 viruses detected in five red-necked stints and H11N9 viruses detected in five sharp-tailed sandpipers. No H5N1 viruses were detected. All isolated viruses were non-pathogenic in domestic chickens. These results further demonstrate the potential for migratory shorebirds to carry and potentially spread influenza viruses.


H5N1 Virus Zanamivir Cloacal Swab Oseltamivir Carboxylate Pathogenic H5N1 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. C. Hurt
    • 1
    • 2
  • P. M. Hansbro
    • 3
  • P. Selleck
    • 4
  • B. Olsen
    • 5
    • 6
  • C. Minton
    • 7
  • A. W. Hampson
    • 1
    • 2
  • I. G. Barr
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.World Health Organisation Collaborating Centre for Reference and Research on InfluenzaParkvilleAustralia
  2. 2.School of Applied Sciences, Monash UniversityChurchillAustralia
  3. 3.Discipline of Immunology and Microbiology and the Hunter Medical Research Institute, School of Biomedical SciencesUniversity of NewcastleCallaghanAustralia
  4. 4.CSIRO Australian Animal Health LaboratoryGeelongAustralia
  5. 5.Section for Zoonotic Ecology and Epidemiology, Department of Biology and Environmental ScienceKalmar UniversityKalmarSweden
  6. 6.Department of Infectious DiseasesUmeå UniversityUmeåSweden
  7. 7.Australasian Wader Studies GroupAustralia

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