Theoretical and Applied Climatology

, Volume 133, Issue 3–4, pp 851–866 | Cite as

High-stability algorithm for the three-pattern decomposition of global atmospheric circulation

  • Jianbo Cheng
  • Chenbin Gao
  • Shujuan HuEmail author
  • Guolin Feng
Original Paper


In order to study the atmospheric circulation from a global-wide perspective, the three-pattern decomposition of global atmospheric circulation (TPDGAC) has been proposed in our previous studies. In this work, to easily and accurately apply the TPDGAC in the diagnostic analysis of atmospheric circulation, a high-stability algorithm of the TPDGAC has been presented. By using the TPDGAC, the global atmospheric circulation is decomposed into the three-dimensional (3D) horizontal, meridional, and zonal circulations (three-pattern circulations). In particular, the global zonal mean meridional circulation is essentially the three-cell meridional circulation. To demonstrate the rationality and correctness of the proposed numerical algorithm, the climatology of the three-pattern circulations and the evolution characteristics of the strength and meridional width of the Hadley circulation during 1979–2015 have been investigated using five reanalysis datasets. Our findings reveal that the three-pattern circulations capture the main features of the Rossby, Hadley, and Walker circulations. The Hadley circulation shows a significant intensification during boreal winter in the Northern Hemisphere and shifts significantly poleward during boreal (austral) summer and autumn in the Northern (Southern) Hemisphere.



We thank Jifan Chou, Jie Shen, and Shouhong Wang for valuable discussions and suggestions on this work. This study is jointly supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grants 41475068, 41530531, and 41630421) and the Foundation of Key Laboratory for Semi-Arid Climate Change of the Ministry of Education in Lanzhou University from the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (lzujbky-2017-kb02).

Supplementary material

704_2017_2226_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (11 mb)
ESM 1 (PDF 11280 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jianbo Cheng
    • 1
  • Chenbin Gao
    • 1
  • Shujuan Hu
    • 1
    Email author
  • Guolin Feng
    • 2
  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Semi-Arid Climate Change of Ministry of Education, College of Atmospheric SciencesLanzhou UniversityLanzhouChina
  2. 2.Laboratory for Climate Studies, National Climate CenterChina Meteorological AdministrationBeijingChina

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