Theoretical and Applied Climatology

, Volume 132, Issue 1–2, pp 209–217 | Cite as

Annual distributions and variations of dust weather occurrence over the Tarim Basin, China

  • Yong Zhao
  • Yang Zhou
  • Minzhong Wang
  • Wen Huo
  • Anning Huang
  • Xinhua Yang
  • Fan Yang
Original Paper
  • 104 Downloads

Abstract

The annual distribution and variations in dust weather occurrence (DWO) have been analyzed using monthly DWO data from 26 stations over the Tarim Basin during the period of 1961 to 2010. The results show that the DWO presents a significant decreasing trend for different parts of the Tarim Basin in recent decades. The monthly DWO has two peaks in the east and west. In the first half of the year, the peak is in April, but in the second half of the year, the peak is in September. According to the concentration period and concentration degree (CD) of DWO, we can find that the maximum DWO occurs in April in the eastern, western, and northern parts of the basin, but it occurs in May in the southern part. The dust weather season is shorter for the northern and eastern parts of the basin than those of the remaining parts. On average, the dust weather season initiates in April in the northeast and in May for the rest of the region. As an indicator for the length of dust weather season, the CD is significantly related to DWO, with a correlation coefficient of −0.51, revealing an interesting feature of regional climate change with declining DWO and declining dust weather season over the Tarim Basin. The correlation analysis exhibits that all the Arctic Oscillation, Antarctic Oscillation, and North Atlantic Oscillation have a negative relation with the DWO but a positive relation with the length of dust weather season.

Notes

Acknowledgements

We acknowledge the support by the Nation Science Foundation of China under Grant No. 41575008.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yong Zhao
    • 1
    • 2
  • Yang Zhou
    • 3
  • Minzhong Wang
    • 2
  • Wen Huo
    • 2
  • Anning Huang
    • 3
  • Xinhua Yang
    • 2
  • Fan Yang
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Atmospheric SciencesChengdu University of Information TechnologyChengduChina
  2. 2.Institute of Desert MeteorologyChina Meteorological AdministrationUrumqiChina
  3. 3.School of Atmospheric SciencesNanjing University (Xianlin Campus)NanjingChina

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