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Theoretical and Applied Climatology

, Volume 128, Issue 1–2, pp 393–405 | Cite as

Local influence of south-east France topography and land cover on the distribution and characteristics of intense rainfall cells

  • Florent RenardEmail author
Original Paper

Abstract

The Greater Lyon area is strongly built up, grouping 58 communes and a population of 1.3 million in approximately 500 km2. The flood risk is high as the territory is crossed by two large watercourses and by streams with torrential flow. Floods may also occur in case of runoff after heavy rain or because of a rise in the groundwater level. The whole territory can therefore be affected, and it is necessary to possess in-depth knowledge of the depths, causes and consequences of rainfall to achieve better management of precipitation in urban areas and to reduce flood risk. This study is thus focused on the effects of topography and land cover on the occurrence, intensity and area of intense rainfall cells. They are identified by local radar meteorology (C-band) combined with a processing algorithm running in a geographic information system (GIS) which identified 109,979 weighted mean centres of them in a sample composed of the five most intense rainfall events from 2001 to 2005. First, analysis of spatial distribution at an overall scale is performed, completed by study at a more detailed scale. The results show that the distribution of high-intensity rainfall cells is spread in cluster form. Subsequently, comparison of intense rainfall cells with the topography shows that cell density is closely linked with land slope but that, above all, urbanised zones feature nearly twice as many rainfall cells as farm land or forest, with more intense intensity.

Keywords

Radar Land Cover Flood Risk Urban Heat Island Cold Spot 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was performed within the framework of the UMR 5600 CNRS “Environment, City, Society” (chair of research and higher education: environmental impacts) and the LABEX IMU (ANR-10-LABX-0088) of Université de Lyon, within the program “Investissements d’Avenir” (ANR-11-IDEX-0007) operated by the French National Research Agency (ANR). The author wishes to thank the reviewers who helped a lot to improve the quality of this text and the canis canem edit team for the GIS advices.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Université Jean Moulin Lyon 3UMR 5600 CNRS Environnement Ville SociétéLyonFrance

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