Theoretical and Applied Climatology

, Volume 120, Issue 3–4, pp 685–700 | Cite as

Assessing impact of climate change on Mundra mangrove forest ecosystem, Gulf of Kutch, western coast of India: a synergistic evaluation using remote sensing

  • Prashant K. SrivastavaEmail author
  • Abhinav Mehta
  • Manika Gupta
  • Sudhir Kumar Singh
  • Tanvir Islam
Original Paper


Mangrove cover changes have globally raised the apprehensions as the changes influence the coastal climate as well as the marine ecosystem services. The main goals of this research are focused on the monitoring of land cover and mangrove spatial changes particularly for the Mundra forest in the western coast of Gujarat state, India, which is famous for its unique mangrove bio-diversity. The multi-temporal Indian Remote Sensing (IRS) Linear Imaging Self Scanning (LISS)-II (IRS-1B) and III (IRS P6/RESOURCESAT-1) images captured in the year 1994 and 2010 were utilized for the spatio-temporal analysis of the area. The land cover and mangrove density was estimated by a unique hybrid classification which consists of K means unsupervised following maximum likelihood classification (MLC) supervised classification-based approach. The vegetation and non-vegetation layers has been extracted and separated by unsupervised classification technique while the training-based MLC was applied on the separated vegetation and non-vegetation classes to classify them into 11 land use/land cover classes. The climatic variables of the area involves wind, temperature, dew point, precipitation, and mean sea level investigated for the period of 17 years over the site. To understand the driving factors, the anthropogenic variables were also taken into account such as historical population datasets. The overall analysis indicates a significant change in the frequency and magnitude of sea-level rise from 1994 to 2010. The analysis of the meteorological variables indicates a high pressure and changes in mangrove density during the 17 years of time, which reveals that if appropriate actions are not initiated soon, the Mundra mangroves might become the victims of climate change-induced habitat loss. After analyzing all the factors, some recommendations and suggestions are provided for effective mangrove conservation and resilience, which could be used by forest official to protect this precious ecosystem.


Mangrove Forest Mangrove Ecosystem Mangrove Area Maximum Likelihood Classification Mangrove Cover 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The authors would like to thank Head, Department of Remote Sensing and Geoinformatics, Birla Institute of Technology, Mesra, Ranchi, India for their support. The authors are also thankful to T.P. Singh, Director, Bhaskaracharya Institute for Space Applications and Geo-Informatics (BISAG), Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India. The views expressed here are those of the authors solely and do not constitute a statement of policy, decision, or position on behalf of NOAA/NASA or the authors’ affiliated institutions.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Prashant K. Srivastava
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Abhinav Mehta
    • 3
    • 4
  • Manika Gupta
    • 5
  • Sudhir Kumar Singh
    • 6
  • Tanvir Islam
    • 7
    • 8
  1. 1.Hydrological Sciences, NASA Goddard Space Flight CenterGreenbeltUSA
  2. 2.Earth System Science Interdisciplinary CenterUniversity of MarylandCollege ParkUSA
  3. 3.Department of Remote Sensing and GeoinformaticsBirla Institute of TechnologyRanchiIndia
  4. 4.Gujarat Institute of Desert EcologyBhujIndia
  5. 5.Department of Civil EngineeringIndian Institute of Technology DelhiNew DelhiIndia
  6. 6.K. Banerjee Centre of Atmospheric and Ocean Studies, IIDS, Nehru Science CentreUniversity of AllahabadAllahabadIndia
  7. 7.NOAA/NESDIS Center for Satellite Applications and ResearchCollege ParkUSA
  8. 8.Cooperative Institute for Research in the AtmosphereColorado State UniversityFort CollinsUSA

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