Theoretical and Applied Climatology

, Volume 116, Issue 1–2, pp 103–117

Temperature analysis over southwest Iran: trends and projections

  • Mohammad Zarenistanak
  • Amit G. Dhorde
  • R. H. Kripalani
Original Paper


The present study intends to show the effect of climate change on trends and patterns of temperature over the southwestern part of Iran. The research has been divided into two parts. The first part consists of an analysis of the temperature trends of mean temperature (TM), maximum temperature (TMAX), and minimum temperature (TMIN) over 39 stations in the study region for the period 1950–2007. The trends in these parameters were detected by linear regression, and significance was tested by t test. Mann–Kendall rank test (MK test) was also employed to confirm the results. The second part of the research involved future projection of temperature based on four models. The models used were Centre National de Recherches Meteorologiques, European Center Hamburg Model, Model for Interdisciplinary Research on Climate, and UK Meteorological Office. Temperature projections were done under B1 and A1B emissions scenarios. The analysis of temperature trends revealed a significant increase during summer and spring seasons. TMAX was stable than TMIN and TM, and winter was stable as compared with summer, spring, and autumn seasons. Results of modeling showed that temperature may increase between 1.69 and 6.88 °C by 2100 in the study area. Summer temperatures may increase with higher rates than spring, winter, and autumn temperatures.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohammad Zarenistanak
    • 1
  • Amit G. Dhorde
    • 1
  • R. H. Kripalani
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of GeographyUniversity of PunePuneIndia
  2. 2.Centre for Advanced TrainingIndian Institute of Tropical MeteorologyPuneIndia

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