Theoretical and Applied Climatology

, Volume 113, Issue 1–2, pp 197–204 | Cite as

The global signature of the ENSO and SST-like fields

  • Costas A. Varotsos
Original Paper


The El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO)-like variability of various parameters and indices (e.g. sea surface temperature (SST)) is explored, by employing the last six decades of data on a global scale. We found that the ENSO signal in the SST field extends over tropics and subtropics, becoming maximum around 30° N and 30° S. The pronounced ENSO signal in the SST is observed over the southern tropics and subtropics. Additionally, the investigation of regional links between the Pacific Decadal Oscillation and SST revealed a new regional link, which extends in the tropical southern Pacific Ocean, where the effects of a long-lived pattern of SST are taking place. Furthermore, very strong SST-like surface temperature behaviour is observed over the equatorial Indian Ocean, being a new input to the assessment of “dangerous anthropogenic interference”. The above-mentioned findings could be employed to the advanced modelling development to improve climate change projections.


Pacific Decadal Oscillation Southern Oscillation Index Equatorial Indian Ocean Tropical Pacific Ocean Atmospheric Angular Momentum 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Climate Research Group, Division of Environmental Physics and Meteorology, Faculty of PhysicsUniversity of AthensAthensGreece

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