Theoretical and Applied Climatology

, Volume 108, Issue 1–2, pp 31–38 | Cite as

Quantification of the urban heat island under a changing climate over Anatolian Peninsula

  • Huseyin Ozdemir
  • Alper Unal
  • Tayfun KindapEmail author
  • Ufuk Utku Turuncoglu
  • Zeynep Okay Durmusoglu
  • Maudood Khan
  • Mete Tayanc
  • Mehmet Karaca
Original Paper


The Anatolian Peninsula is located at the confluence of Europe, Asia, and Africa and houses 81 cities of which 79 of them have population over 100,000. We employed some criteria to select the cities from the 81 cities. After accomplishing all the criteria, eight cities were remaining for the study. Nonparametric Mann–Kendall test procedure was employed for the urban and rural stations of these cities to detect the long-term change in temperature trends. Statistical analysis of daily minimum temperatures for the period between 1965 and 2006 suggest that there is no statistically significant increase in rural areas. In contrast to the findings of the previous studies, however, all the urban sites and difference between urban and rural pairs show significant increase in temperatures, a strong indication for the existence of urban heat island (UHI) affect over the region. Regional Climate Model was also utilized to assess the changes in temperature by the end of century for the region. The findings suggest that an increase of up to 5°C is possible. Climate change effects enforced with UHI have the potential to cause serious problems for the entire region and hence needs to be studied thoroughly.


Regional Climate Model Urban Heat Island Kendall Test Urban Station Daily Minimum Temperature 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This study is partly supported by a grant (108Y064) from TUBITAK (The Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Huseyin Ozdemir
    • 1
    • 7
  • Alper Unal
    • 2
  • Tayfun Kindap
    • 2
    Email author
  • Ufuk Utku Turuncoglu
    • 3
  • Zeynep Okay Durmusoglu
    • 4
  • Maudood Khan
    • 5
  • Mete Tayanc
    • 6
    • 7
  • Mehmet Karaca
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Environmental EngineeringBahcesehir UniversityBesiktasTurkey
  2. 2.Eurasia Institute of Earth SciencesIstanbul Technical UniversityMaslakTurkey
  3. 3.Institute of InformaticsIstanbul Technical UniversityMaslakTurkey
  4. 4.The Scientific and Technological Research Council of TurkeyKavaklidereTurkey
  5. 5.National Space Science and Technology Center NASAGeorge C. Marshall Space Flight CenterHuntsvilleUSA
  6. 6.Faculty of EngineeringCyprus International UniversityHaspolat, NicosiaCyprus
  7. 7.Department of Environmental EngineeringMarmara UniversityGoztepeTurkey

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