Theoretical and Applied Climatology

, Volume 107, Issue 3–4, pp 417–425 | Cite as

The climate and bioclimate of Bursa (Turkey) from the perspective of tourism

  • Onur Çalışkan
  • İhsan Çiçek
  • Andreas Matzarakis
Original Paper


Climate is an important resource for tourism and an equally important element that needs to be included in tourism promotions. This study reveals Bursa’s bioclimatological conditions. These conditions were identified by using physiologically equivalent temperature and a Climate–Tourism–Information–Scheme over 10-day periods and analyzing the mean thermal perception values that emerged. Evaluating bioclimatic conditions and meteorological parameters such as air temperature, duration of sunshine, number of wet days, amount of precipitation, and wind from the perspective of tourism will help people choose the best holiday times depending on their individual needs and circumstances.


Heat Stress Cold Stress Thermal Comfort Cold Season Physiologically Equivalent Temperature 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Onur Çalışkan
    • 1
  • İhsan Çiçek
    • 2
  • Andreas Matzarakis
    • 3
  1. 1.Faculty of Educational SciencesAnkara UniversityAnkaraTurkey
  2. 2.Faculty of LettersAnkara UniversityAnkaraTurkey
  3. 3.Meteorological InstituteAlbert-Ludwigs-University of FreiburgFreiburgGermany

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