Theoretical and Applied Climatology

, Volume 105, Issue 1–2, pp 71–81 | Cite as

Phenological observations made by the I. R. Bohemian Patriotic–Economic Society, 1828–1847

  • Rudolf BrázdilEmail author
  • Monika Bělínová
  • Jaroslav Rožnovský
Original Paper


Scholarly and economic management societies played an important role in the beginnings of meteorological observations in Central Europe. In Bohemia, one such was the “Imperial Royal Patriotic–Economic Society of Bohemia” which, as well as making meteorological observations, organised a network of phenological stations and published the results of their observations from 1828 to 1847. The phenological observations covered 31 different forest plants, fruit trees and field-crops. Some of the phenological stations continued to make observations within the network of the Central Institute for Meteorology and Earth Magnetism established in Vienna in 1851. Analysis of the above observations led to the collation of information on the temporal and spatial distribution of the observed phenological characteristics (beginning of budding and/or foliage, beginning and end of flowering, ripeness of seeds and fruits) in the 1828–1847 period, which was cooler and generally wetter with respect to more recent temperature and precipitation patterns (1961–1990) in the study area. Phenophases of flowering and ripeness for selected plants are presented for the Hradec Králové and Loket stations, showing late onsets in this period in comparison with recent phenological stations located nearby and taking measurements in 1993–2009. Working up this topic makes a contribution to the historical phenology of the nineteenth century in the Czech Lands and in Central Europe as well.


Spinosa Meteorological Observation Climate Reconstruction Phenological Data Phenological Observation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The paper was prepared with financial support from the Grant Agency of the Czech Republic under the aegis of grants ref. no. 521/08/1682 (R. Brázdil) and ref. no. P209/10/0605 (M. Bělínová). We would also like to thank Lenka Hájková (Czech Hydrometeorological Institute, Ústí nad Labem) for data from the Zbiroh and Manětín stations for 1993–2009 and Tony Long (Svinošice) for English style corrections. The comments of our peer reviewers were greatly appreciated in the development of this paper.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rudolf Brázdil
    • 1
    Email author
  • Monika Bělínová
    • 1
  • Jaroslav Rožnovský
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of GeographyMasaryk UniversityBrnoCzech Republic
  2. 2.Czech Hydrometeorological InstituteBrnoCzech Republic

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