Theoretical and Applied Climatology

, Volume 105, Issue 1–2, pp 1–10 | Cite as

Human biometeorological evaluation of heat-related mortality in Vienna

  • Andreas Matzarakis
  • Stefan Muthers
  • Elisabeth Koch
Original Paper

Abstract

The relationship between heat stress and mortality in the federal state of Vienna (Austria) was analyzed from 1970 to 2007. Long-term trends of mortality data and short-term adaptation to heat stress were considered by two complex approaches. The evaluation is based on the human biometeorological parameter, physiologically equivalent temperature. The results revealed a significant impact of heat stress on the human health, with a significantly higher sensitivity on women compared to men. Additionally, higher risks of deaths due to cardiovascular and respiratory diseases were found. During the long period of 38 years, some significant decreases of the sensitivity were found, especially in the medium heat stress levels. This could indicate active processes of long-term adaptation to the increasing heat stress.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andreas Matzarakis
    • 1
  • Stefan Muthers
    • 1
  • Elisabeth Koch
    • 2
  1. 1.Meteorological InstituteAlbert-Ludwigs-University of FreiburgFreiburgGermany
  2. 2.Central Institute for Meteorology and GeodynamicsViennaAustria

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