Theoretical and Applied Climatology

, Volume 103, Issue 3–4, pp 519–531 | Cite as

Change trends of air temperature and precipitation over Shanxi Province, China

  • Xiao-hui Fan
  • Meng-ben Wang
Original Paper


A dataset of air temperature and precipitation time series (1959–2008) from 61 stations across Shanxi, China is used to analyze the climate change. The monotonic trends and step (abrupt) trends for annual and seasonal series data of mean air temperature and total precipitation are tested by using Mann–Kendall test and Mann–Whitney test, respectively. The results show that annual mean air temperature has increased by 1.20°C during the past 50 years. Winter, spring, and autumn have experienced a significant increase in air temperature. The step trend for annual mean air temperature is different from, but closely related with, those for seasonal mean air temperature. Spatially, there is an enhanced warming trend from south to north in Shanxi, and the most remarkable warming occurs in northern Shanxi. Annual precipitation has decreased by 99.20 mm during the past half century. The decrease is mainly caused by precipitation decline in rainy season (June–September), though precipitation in post-rainy season (October–November) also tended to decrease. An abrupt decrease in precipitation has occurred since late 1970s. Decrease in precipitation is highest in central Shanxi and in the area along the west fringe between Sanchuan River and Fenhe River in western Shanxi.


Loess Plateau Warm Period East Asian Summer Monsoon Shanxi Province Yellow River Basin 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This study has been supported by the Special Fund (20081143) from the Development and Reform Commission of Shanxi Province under the project “The integrated management planning for the loess plateau region: Shanxi Province.” The permission using the data of monthly mean air temperature and monthly total precipitation from the Shanxi Science and Technology Department is highly appreciated.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Loess plateauShanxi UniversityTaiyuan030006People’s Republic of China

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