Theoretical and Applied Climatology

, Volume 100, Issue 3–4, pp 261–274 | Cite as

Possible relationship between western North Pacific tropical cyclone activity and Arctic Oscillation

Original Paper


This study found that Arctic Oscillation (AO) has a significant influence on tropical cyclone (TC) activities in the western North Pacific during the boreal summer (July, August, and September). During low- (high-) AO years, more TCs formed over east (west) of 150° E, recurved in the east (west), and passed over the midlatitudes (southeast Asian region), including Korea and Japan (South China Sea and south China), compared to the high- (low-) AO years. In particular, the TC passage frequency difference between the two periods showed a dipole-like pattern between the regions of Southeast and Northeast Asia. The differences between these two periods were caused by a stronger anticyclonic circulation located around Korea and Japan during high-AO years. This circulation played a significant role in blocking the movement of TCs toward Korea and Japan during high-AO years. Instead, TCs moved westward toward the SCS and southern China along the easterly and southeasterly steering flow of this anticyclonic circulation. As a result, TC lifetime and intensity were shorter and weaker during high-AO years.


Tropical Cyclone Western North Pacific Outgoing Longwave Radiation Boreal Summer Arctic Oscillation 



This work was funded by the Korea Meteorological Administration Research and Development Program under Grant CATER 2006–2306.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Environmental Atmospheric SciencesPukyong National UniversityBusanRepublic of Korea

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