Theoretical and Applied Climatology

, Volume 100, Issue 3–4, pp 261–274 | Cite as

Possible relationship between western North Pacific tropical cyclone activity and Arctic Oscillation

Original Paper

Abstract

This study found that Arctic Oscillation (AO) has a significant influence on tropical cyclone (TC) activities in the western North Pacific during the boreal summer (July, August, and September). During low- (high-) AO years, more TCs formed over east (west) of 150° E, recurved in the east (west), and passed over the midlatitudes (southeast Asian region), including Korea and Japan (South China Sea and south China), compared to the high- (low-) AO years. In particular, the TC passage frequency difference between the two periods showed a dipole-like pattern between the regions of Southeast and Northeast Asia. The differences between these two periods were caused by a stronger anticyclonic circulation located around Korea and Japan during high-AO years. This circulation played a significant role in blocking the movement of TCs toward Korea and Japan during high-AO years. Instead, TCs moved westward toward the SCS and southern China along the easterly and southeasterly steering flow of this anticyclonic circulation. As a result, TC lifetime and intensity were shorter and weaker during high-AO years.

Keywords

Tropical Cyclone Western North Pacific Outgoing Longwave Radiation Boreal Summer Arctic Oscillation 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was funded by the Korea Meteorological Administration Research and Development Program under Grant CATER 2006–2306.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Environmental Atmospheric SciencesPukyong National UniversityBusanRepublic of Korea

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