Assessment of surface air warming in northeast China, with emphasis on the impacts of urbanization

  • Qingxiang LiEmail author
  • Wei Li
  • Peng Si
  • Gao Xiaorong
  • Wenjie Dong
  • Phil Jones
  • Jiayou Huang
  • Lijuan Cao
Original Paper


Based on homogenized land surface air temperature (SAT) data (derived from China Homogenized Historical Temperature (CHHT) 1.0), the warming trends over Northeast China are detected in this paper, and the impacts of urban heat islands (UHIs) evaluated. Results show that this region is undergoing rapid warming: the trends of annual mean minimum temperature (MMIT), mean temperature (MT), and mean maximum temperature (MMAT) are 0.40 C decade−1, 0.32 C decade−1, and 0.23 C decade−1, respectively. Regional average temperature series built with these networks including and excluding “typical urban stations” are compared for the periods of 1954–2005. Although impacts of UHIs on the absolute annual and seasonal temperature are identified, UHI contributions to the long-term trends are less than 10% of the regional total warming during the period. The large warming trend during the period is due to a regime shift in around 1988, which accounted for about 51% of the regional warming.


Urban Heat Island Warming Trend Urban Heat Island Effect China Meteorological Administration Mean Temperature 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This paper has been supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (grant 40605021), National Key Technology R&D Program (2007BAC29B01-01) and the Ministry of Science and Technology of China through the based platforms special project of scientific data sharing system (grant 2005DKA31700-01). The corresponding author would like to thank David Parker for many constructive suggestions during the corresponding author's visit to the Met Office Hadley Centre. Phil Jones has been supported by the U.S. Department of Energy (grant DE-FG02-98ER62601).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Qingxiang Li
    • 1
    Email author
  • Wei Li
    • 2
  • Peng Si
    • 1
    • 3
  • Gao Xiaorong
    • 1
    • 4
  • Wenjie Dong
    • 5
  • Phil Jones
    • 6
  • Jiayou Huang
    • 7
  • Lijuan Cao
    • 1
  1. 1.China Meteorological AdministrationBeijingChina
  2. 2.National Meteorological CenterChina Meteorological AdministrationBeijingChina
  3. 3.Tianjing Municipal Meteorological Information CenterTianjingChina
  4. 4.Institute of Atmospheric SciencesLanzhou UniversityLanzhouChina
  5. 5.State Key Laboratory of Earth Surface Process and Resource EcologyBeijing Normal UniversityBeijingChina
  6. 6.Climate Research Unit, School of Environmental SciencesUniversity of East AngliaNorwichUK
  7. 7.Institute of PhysicsPeking UniversityBeijingChina

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