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Theoretical and Applied Climatology

, Volume 90, Issue 3–4, pp 217–226 | Cite as

Assessing the effect of land use/land cover change on the change of urban heat island intensity

  • J. F. He
  • J. Y. Liu
  • D. F. Zhuang
  • W. Zhang
  • M. L. Liu
Article

Summary

Due to rapid economic development, China has experienced one of the greatest rates of change in land use/land cover during the last two decades. This change is mainly urban expansion and cultivated land reduction in urban growth regions, both of which play an important role in regional climate change. In this paper, the variation of the urban heat island (UHI) caused by urbanization has been evaluated with an analysis of land use change in China. First, meteorological observation stations were grouped by different land cover types (dry land, paddy field, forest, grassland, water field, urban, rural inhabitable area, industrial and mineral land, and waste land) throughout China. These stations were subdivided into urban and non-urban classes. Then, a new method was proposed to determine the UHI intensity from the difference between the observed and the interpolated air temperature of urban type weather stations. The results indicate that the trends of UHI intensity in different land use change regions are spatially correlated with regional land use and its change pattern. During 1991–2000, the estimated UHI intensity has increased by 0.11 °C per decade in the spring and has fluctuated in other seasons throughout China resulting from land use change.

Keywords

Land Cover Change Urban Heat Island Yangtze River Delta Urban Station Urban Heat Island Effect 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. F. He
    • 1
  • J. Y. Liu
    • 2
  • D. F. Zhuang
    • 2
  • W. Zhang
    • 3
  • M. L. Liu
    • 2
    • 4
  1. 1.Institute of Remote Sensing ApplicationsChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  2. 2.Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources ResearchChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  3. 3.Institute of Atmospheric PhysicsChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  4. 4.School of Forestry and Wildlife SciencesAuburnUSA

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