Theoretical and Applied Climatology

, Volume 88, Issue 3–4, pp 193–199 | Cite as

The 60-year solar modulation of global air temperature: the Earth’s rotation and atmospheric circulation connection

  • A. Mazzarella


Spectral analysis of geomagnetic activity, global air temperature, Earth’s rotation rate and zonal circulation, when smoothed from secular trend and periods shorter than 23 years, shows a concentration of energy around the 60-year period explaining more than 80% of the entire variance. This information has enabled the set-up of a cascade physical model that integrates the Sun-atmosphere-Earth system as a single unit and ties solar corpuscular radiation to global warming through Earth’s rotation and atmospheric circulation. Our results suggest that changes in geomagnetic activity, and in the Earth’s rotation, could be used as long- and short-term indicators, respectively, of future changes in global air temperature.


Solar Wind Solar Activity Geomagnetic Activity Phase Factor Atmospheric Angular Momentum 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Mazzarella
    • 1
  1. 1.Meteorological Observatory, Department of Geophysics and VolcanologyUniversity of Naples Federico IINaplesItaly

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