Modeling diurnal to seasonal water and heat exchanges at European Fluxnet sites
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The importance of linking measurements, modeling and remote sensing of land surface processes has been increasingly recognized in the past years since on the diurnal to seasonal time scale land surface–atmosphere feedbacks can play a substantial role in determining the state of the near-surface climate. The worldwide Fluxnet project provides long term measurements of land surface variables useful for process-based modeling studies over a wide range of climatic environments.
In this study data from six European Fluxnet sites distributed over three latitudinal zones are used to force three generations of LSMs (land surface models): the BUCKET, BATS 1E and SiB 2.5. Processes simulating the exchange of heat and water used in these models range from simple bare soil parameterizations to complex formulations of plant biochemistry and soil physics.
Results show that – dependent on the climatic environment – soil storage and plant biophysical processes can determine the yearly course of the land surface heat and water budgets, which need to be included in the modeling system. The Mediterranean sites require a long term soil water storage capability and a biophysical control of evapotranspiration. In northern Europe the seasonal soil temperature evolution can influence the winter energy partitioning and requires a long term soil heat storage scheme. Plant biochemistry and vegetation phenology can drive evapotranspiration where no atmospheric-related limiting environmental conditions are active.
KeywordsLand Surface Land Surface Model Soil Water Storage Land Surface Process Climatic Environment
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