Temporal and spatial analysis of precipitation patterns in an Andean region of southern Ecuador using LAWR weather radar

  • Fernando Oñate-Valdivieso
  • Andreas Fries
  • Katherine Mendoza
  • Victor Gonzalez-Jaramillo
  • Franz Pucha-Cofrep
  • Rütger Rollenbeck
  • Jörg Bendix
Original Paper
  • 89 Downloads

Abstract

This paper focuses on the analysis of precipitation patterns, using a Local Area Weather Radar to collect information about the precipitation distribution in an Andean region of southern Ecuador (cities of Loja, Zamora and Catamayo). 54 representative events were selected to develop daily precipitation maps and to obtain their relevant characteristics, which were related to the topography and the season. The results showed that a strong correlation between the areas covered by precipitation (RA coefficient) and the season exists. In general, humid air masses come from the east (Amazon Basin), but during the main rainy season (December to April), humidity also frequently enters the study region from the west (Pacific Ocean). The rainy season is characterized by convective precipitation, associated with higher evaporation rates during austral summer. The relatively dry season is formed between May and November, but considerable precipitation amounts are registered, too, due to advective moisture transport from the Amazon Basin, a result of the predominant tropical easterlies carrying the humidity up the eastern escarpment of the Andes, generally following the natural course of the drainage systems.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Departamento de Geología, Minas e Ingeniería Civil (DGMIC), Hidrología y Climatología Working GroupUniversidad Técnica Particular de LojaLojaEcuador
  2. 2.Laboratory for Climatology and Remote Sensing (LCRS), Faculty of GeographyUniversity of MarburgMarburgGermany

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