Meteorology and Atmospheric Physics

, Volume 127, Issue 3, pp 241–256 | Cite as

Adjustment to rainfall measurement undercatch with a tipping-bucket rain gauge using ground-level manual gauges

  • G. B. MekonnenEmail author
  • S. Matula
  • F. Doležal
  • J. Fišák
Original Paper


Wind-caused undercatch is an important factor among types of systematic errors in point measurements of rainfall. The daily amount of rainfall measured by a MR3H tipping-bucket rain gauge (TBR-MR3H), which is elevated above the ground surface, was considerably underestimated on average by 46 % when compared with the corresponding measurements done by a pair of ground-level manual gauges (M-Rs). The undercatch was also confirmed by the measurements using a set of microlysimeters (MLs). The daily rainfall totals measured by the manual rain gauge were used as a reference in adjusting the rainfall undercatch with the tipping-bucket rain gauge. A simplified equation, developed based on the relationship between logarithmic wind profile and its effect on the catch ratio (CR) of the two gauges, was used to calculate the correction factor on a daily basis. The effect of wind speed depends on the intensity of rainfall. Parameters were optimized, and the proposed equation was validated. The calculated and measured daily rainfall amounts were in good agreement with a correlation coefficient of 0.99, and overall deviation of 0.04.


Wind Speed Rainfall Intensity Daily Rainfall Rainfall Amount Rain Gauge 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The work was supported by the research program of the Czech University of Life Sciences MSM6046070901 “Sustainable agriculture, quality of agricultural products, sustainable use of natural and landscape resources” and also partly by the EU project EDUWAT (2010-2013) and ‘Aktion’ program. The authors are grateful for the financial support without which this work would not be viable. The authors wish to thank the editors and the anonymous reviewers for all their helpful discussions and advice. We would like to thank Mr. Austin Weaver (MA) ( for the English review of this work.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. B. Mekonnen
    • 1
    Email author
  • S. Matula
    • 1
  • F. Doležal
    • 1
  • J. Fišák
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Water Resources, Faculty of Agrobiology, Food and Natural ResourcesCzech University of Life SciencesPrague 6Czech Republic
  2. 2.Institute of Atmospheric Physics, AS CRPrague 4Czech Republic

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