Meteorology and Atmospheric Physics

, Volume 98, Issue 3–4, pp 269–282

Initialization and simulation of a landfalling typhoon using a variational bogus mapped data assimilation (BMDA)

  • Y. Zhao
  • B. Wang
  • Y. Wang


Recently, a new data assimilation method called “3-dimensional variational data assimilation of mapped observation (3DVM)” has been developed by the authors. We have shown that the new method is very efficient and inexpensive compared with its counterpart 4-dimensional variational data assimilation (4DVar). The new method has been implemented into the Penn State/NCAR mesoscale model MM5V1 (MM5_3DVM). In this study, we apply the new method to the bogus data assimilation (BDA) available in the original MM5 with the 4DVar. By the new approach, a specified sea-level pressure (SLP) field (bogus data) is incorporated into MM5 through the 3DVM (for convenient, we call it variational bogus mapped data assimilation – BMDA) instead of the original 4DVar data assimilation. To demonstrate the effectiveness of the new 3DVM method, initialization and simulation of a landfalling typhoon – typhoon Dan (1999) over the western North Pacific with the new method are compared with that with its counterpart 4DVar in MM5. Results show that the initial structure and the simulated intensity and track are improved more significantly using 3DVM than 4DVar. Sensitivity experiments also show that the simulated typhoon track and intensity are more sensitive to the size of the assimilation window in the 4DVar than that in the 3DVM. Meanwhile, 3DVM takes much less computing cost than its counterpart 4DVar for a given time window.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Y. Zhao
    • 1
    • 2
  • B. Wang
    • 1
  • Y. Wang
    • 3
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Numerical Modeling for Atmospheric Sciences and Geophysical Fluid DynamicsInstitute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  2. 2.Institute of SciencesUniversity of Science and Technology of the Chinese People’s Liberation ArmyNanjingChina
  3. 3.International Pacific Research Center and Department of MeteorologyUniversity of Hawaii at ManoaHonoluluUSA

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