Advertisement

Meteorology and Atmospheric Physics

, Volume 93, Issue 3–4, pp 165–175 | Cite as

The interdecadal variations of the summer monsoon rainfall over South China

  • W. Zhou
  • C. Li
  • J. C. L. Chan
Article

Summary

This paper is to promote a further understanding of the interdecadal variations of the summer monsoon rainfall over South China (SCMR). With this focus, we will specifically aim at better understanding possible mechanism responsible for such an interdecadal variation relationship between the SCMR and El Niño/Southern Oscillation (ENSO). In many of the previous studies on precipitation, the datasets used are satellite observations or gridded reanalyzed data due to the lack of long-term reliable observations over the marginal seas of the Asian continent. Such an approach could lead to possible errors in the results. In this work, several representative stations with long-term rain-gauge observations are chosen to reduce such uncertainty.

The study of the interdecadal variabilities of SCMR indicates that there is a strong linkage between SCMR and ENSO on the interdecadal variations. These results agree well with those from previous studies that the Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO) and ENSO are not independent of each other, the interannual and interdecadal variations of tropical Pacific Sea Surface temperatures (SSTs) could affect the interdecadal variations of the SCMR, and the incorporating information on the PDO/ENSO could improve the long-term prediction of the SCMR.

Keywords

East Asian Summer Monsoon Winter Monsoon Summer Monsoon Rainfall Interdecadal Variation Interdecadal Variability 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Chan, JCL, Xu, J 2000Physical mechanisms responsible for the transition from a warm to a cold state of the El Niño-Southern OscillationJ Climate1320562071CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Chan, JCL, Zhou, W 2005PDO, ENSO and the early summer monsoon rainfall over south ChinaGeophys Res Lett32L08810CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Chang, CP, Zhang, Y, Li, T 2000aInterannual and interdecadal variations of the East Asian summer monsoon and the tropical Pacific SSTs, Part I. Roles of the subtropical ridgeJ Climate1343104325CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Chang, CP, Zhang, Y, Li, T 2000bInterannual and interdecadal variations of the East Asian summer monsoon and the tropical Pacific SSTs, Part II. Meridional structure of the monsoonJ Climate1343264340CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Dettinger, MD, Cayan, DR, Diaz, HF, Meko, DM 1998North–south precipitation patterns in western North America on interannual-to-decadal timescalesJ Climate1130953111CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Gershunov, A, Barnett, TP 1998Interdecadal modulation of ENSO teleconnectionsBull Amer Meteor Soc7917152725CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Glantz MH (1996) Currents of change: El Niño’s impact on climate and society. Cambridge University Press, 194 ppGoogle Scholar
  8. Higgins, RW, Shi, W 2000Dominant factors responsible for interannual variability of the summer monsoon in the south-western United StatesJ Climate13759775CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Huang, RH, Wu, YF 1989The influence of ENSO on the summer climate change in China and its mechanismAdv Atmos Sci62132Google Scholar
  10. Ju, X, Yang, X, Chen, L, Wang, Y 1997The definition of flood-drought index of single station and its classificationChina J Appl Meteor82633in ChineseGoogle Scholar
  11. Mantua, NJ, Hare, SR, Zhang, Y, Wallace, JM, Francis, RC 1997A Pacific interdecadal climate oscillation with impacts on salmon productionBull Amer Meteor Soc7810691079CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. McCabe, GJ, Dettinger, MD 1999Decadal variations in the strength of ENSO teleconnections with precipitation in the western United StatesInt’l J Climatol1913991410CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Minobe, S 1997A 50–70 year climatic oscillation over the North Pacific and North AmericaGeophys Res Lett24683686CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Nitta, T, Yamada, S 1989Recent warming of tropical sea surface temperature and its relationship to the northern hemisphere circulationJ Meteor Soc Japan67187193Google Scholar
  15. Torrence, C, Webster, PJ 1999Interdecadal changes in the ENSO-monsoon systemJ Climate1226792690CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Trenberth, KE 1997The definition of El NiñoBull Amer Meteor Soc7827712777CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Wang, B, Wu, R, Fu, X 2000Pacific-East Asian teleconnection: how does ENSO affect East Asian climate?J Climate1315171536CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Webster, PJ, Magana, VO, Palmer, TN, Shukla, J, Tomas, RA, Yanai, M, Yasunari, T 1998Monsoons: processes, predictability and the prospects for predictionJ Geophys Res1031445114510CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Weng, H, Lau, KM, Xue, Y 1999Multi-scale summer rainfall variability over China and its long-term link to global sea surface temperature variabilityJ Meteor Soc Japan77845857Google Scholar
  20. Xu, J, Chan, JCL 2001The role of the Asian/Australian monsoon system in the onset time of El Niño eventsJ Climate14418433CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Zhang, RH, Rothstein, LM, Busalacchi, AJ 1998Origin of upper-ocean warming and El Niño change on decadal scales in the tropical Pacific OceanNature391879883CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Zhang, Y, Wallace, JM, Battisti, DS 1997ENSO-like interdecadal variability: 1900–1993J Climate1010041020CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. Zhou
    • 1
  • C. Li
    • 1
    • 2
  • J. C. L. Chan
    • 3
  1. 1.LASG, Institute of Atmospheric PhysicsChinese Academy of SciencesBeijing
  2. 2.Institute of MeteorologyPLA university of Science and TechnologyNanjing
  3. 3.Laboratory for Atmospheric Research, Department of Physics and Materials ScienceCity University of Hong KongHong Kong

Personalised recommendations