Meteorology and Atmospheric Physics

, Volume 84, Issue 3–4, pp 229–242 | Cite as

On the relation between ENSO and global climate change

  • A. A. Tsonis
  • A. G. Hunt
  • J. B. Elsner

Summary

Two lines of research into climate change and El Niño/Southern Oscillation (ENSO) converge on the conclusion that changes in ENSO statistics occur as a response to global climate (temperature) fluctuations. One approach focuses on the statistics of temperature fluctuations interpreted within the framework of random walks. The second is based on the discovery of correlation between the recurrence frequency of El Niño and temperature change, while developing physical arguments to explain several phenomena associated with changes in El Niño frequency. Consideration of both perspectives leads to greater confidence in, and guidance for, the physical interpretation of the relationship between ENSO and global climate change. Topics considered include global dynamics of ENSO, ENSO triggers, and climate prediction and predictability.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag/Wien 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. A. Tsonis
    • 1
  • A. G. Hunt
    • 2
  • J. B. Elsner
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Mathematical Sciences, Atmospheric Sciences Group, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, Milwaukee
  2. 2.CIRES, University of Colorado, Boulder
  3. 3.Department of Geography, Florida State University, Tallahassee

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