Journal of Neural Transmission

, Volume 125, Issue 7, pp 1087–1097 | Cite as

Evaluation of artifact-corrected electroencephalographic (EEG) training: a pilot study

  • Jeffry P. La MarcaEmail author
  • Daniel Cruz
  • Jennifer Fandino
  • Fabiana R. Cacciaguerra
  • Joseph J. Fresco
  • Austin T. Guerra
Psychiatry and Preclinical Psychiatric Studies - Original Article


This double-blind study examined the effect of electromyographical (EMG) artifacts, which contaminate electroencephalographical (EEG) signals, by comparing artifact-corrected (AC) and non-artifact-corrected (NAC) neurofeedback (NF) training procedures. 14 unmedicated college students were randomly assigned to two groups: AC (n = 7) or NAC (n = 7). Both groups received 12 sessions of NF and were trained using identical NF treatment protocols to reduce their theta/beta power ratios (TBPR). Outcomes on a continuous performance test revealed that the AC group had statistically significant increases across measures of auditory and visual attention. The NAC group showed smaller gains that only reached statistical significance on measures of visual attention. Only the AC group reduced their TBPR, the NAC group did not. AC NF appears to play an important role during training that leads to improvements in both auditory and visual attention. Additional research is required to confirm the results of this study.


Attention deficit Artifact Continuous performance test EEG biofeedback EMG Neurofeedback 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Seton Hall UniversitySouth OrangeUSA
  2. 2.Rutgers UniversityNewarkUSA
  3. 3.Palo Alto UniversityPalo AltoUSA

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