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Journal of Neural Transmission

, Volume 123, Issue 12, pp 1359–1367 | Cite as

Astrocytic and microglial nicotinic acetylcholine receptors: an overlooked issue in Alzheimer’s disease

  • Saeed Sadigh-Eteghad
  • Alireza MajdiEmail author
  • Javad Mahmoudi
  • Samad E. J. Golzari
  • Mahnaz Talebi
Translational Neurosciences - Review Article

Abstract

It is increasingly recognized that astrocytes and microglia-associated dysfunction contribute to AD pathology. In addition, glial nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) play a role in AD-related phenomena, such as neuron survival, synaptic plasticity, and memory. From mechanistic point of view, the glial regulation of pro-inflammatory cytokines, as common contributors in AD, is modulated by nAChRs. Astrocytic and microglial nAChRs contribute to Aβ metabolism, including Aβ phagocytosis and degradation as well as Aβ-related oxidative stress and neurotoxicity. These receptors are also involved in neurotransmission and gliotransmission through indirect interaction with N-Methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) and a-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4 isoxazolepropionic acid (AMPA) receptors as well as gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) and intracellular calcium regulation. In addition, glial nAChRs participate in trophic factors-induced neuroprotection. This review gathers the most recent advances along with the previous data on astrocytic and microglial nAChRs role in AD pathogenesis.

Keywords

Astrocyte Microglia Nicotinic acetylcholine receptors Alzheimer’s disease 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to express their gratitude to Dr. Mehdi Farhoudi, director of Neurosciences Research Center (NSRC), Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that there is no conflict of interests.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Saeed Sadigh-Eteghad
    • 1
  • Alireza Majdi
    • 1
    Email author
  • Javad Mahmoudi
    • 1
  • Samad E. J. Golzari
    • 2
  • Mahnaz Talebi
    • 1
  1. 1.Neurosciences Research Center (NSRC)Tabriz University of Medical SciencesTabrizIran
  2. 2.Cardiovascular Research CenterTabriz University of Medical SciencesTabrizIran

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