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Journal of Neural Transmission

, Volume 117, Issue 10, pp 1213–1228 | Cite as

Time processing in children and adults with ADHD

  • Lilian Valko
  • Gudrun Schneider
  • Mirko Doehnert
  • Ueli Müller
  • Daniel Brandeis
  • Hans-Christoph Steinhausen
  • Renate DrechslerEmail author
Biological Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - Original Article

Abstract

A time-processing deficit has been proposed as a neuropsychological candidate endophenotype for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), but its developmental trajectory still needs to be explored. In the present study, children (N = 33) and adults (N = 22) with ADHD were compared to normal controls on two time-processing tasks. For time reproduction, ADHD-related impairment was found in the full group, but not when adults were analyzed separately. For the discrimination of brief intervals, children and adults with ADHD showed different patterns of deficit. We conclude that in ADHD some time-processing deficits are still present in adults, but may take on age-related different forms.

Keywords

ADHD Time processing Neuropsychological endophenotype Time reproduction Time discrimination Development 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This study was supported by the Swiss National Science Foundation grant 32-109591 to H.-C. Steinhausen. The recruitment of ADHD sib pairs was supported by the National Institute of Mental Health Grant R01MH062873 to Steve Faraone. We thank the children and their families for participation.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lilian Valko
    • 1
  • Gudrun Schneider
    • 1
  • Mirko Doehnert
    • 1
    • 2
  • Ueli Müller
    • 1
  • Daniel Brandeis
    • 1
    • 5
    • 6
  • Hans-Christoph Steinhausen
    • 1
    • 3
    • 4
  • Renate Drechsler
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Child and Adolescent PsychiatryUniversity of ZurichZurichSwitzerland
  2. 2.Department of Child and Adolescent PsychiatryUniversity of LeipzigLeipzigGermany
  3. 3.Aalborg Psychiatric HospitalAarhus University HospitalAalborgDenmark
  4. 4.Clinical Child and Adolescent PsychologyUniversity of BaselBaselSwitzerland
  5. 5.Center for Integrative Human PhysiologyUniversity of ZurichZurichSwitzerland
  6. 6.Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and PsychotherapyCentral Institute of Mental HealthMannheimGermany

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