Brainstem Glioma: Comparative Study of Clinico-Radiological Presentation, Pathology and Outcome in Children and Adults
- 254 Downloads
Although the clinical and imaging features and behaviour of brain stem gliomas in children are well documented, similar data are not available, for adults. We have carried out a retrospective study, on 101 consecutive patients (71 children and 30 adults) with a histologically verified brain stem glioma. Duration of symptoms, clinical features, imaging characteristics, histopathology and outcome were specifically compared in children and adults with brain stem glioma. Peak incidence was in the first decade in children and in the third and fourth decades in adults. Mean duration of symptoms before admission was 9.7 months in adults and 3.6 months in children (P<0.001). There were no significant differences in the clinical features between adults and children. Imaging characteristics revealed no major differences except that diffuse hypodense lesions involving the whole brainstem accounted for 41.2% of the lesions in children and only 11.1% of adults (P<0.001). A stereotactic biopsy was performed in 92 patients and an open biopsy or partial excision in 9 patients. Histopathological examination showed that the majority of gliomas were diagnosed as grade II astrocytomas in both groups. Survival was significantly shorter in children when compared to adults (P<0.01). While the tumour grade was a significant factor in predicting survival in adults, in children it did not correlate with outcome. Therefore, determination of the grade of a brain stem glioma may be of prognostic significance in adult patients.
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.