Going beyond scoring systems for cavernous sinus involvement in trans-sphenoidal pituitary surgery

  • Pier Paolo Mattogno
  • Quintino Giorgio D’AlessandrisEmail author
  • Flavia Fraschetti
  • Liverana Lauretti
Letter to the editor - Pituitaries
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Pituitaries


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of NeurosurgeryFondazione Policlinico Universitario Agostino Gemelli IRCCSRomeItaly
  2. 2.Università Cattolica del Sacro CuoreRomeItaly

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