The CENTER-TBI Investigators and Participants and their affiliations:
Cecilia Ackerlund1, Hadie Adams2, Vanni Agnoletti3, Judith Allanson4, Krisztina Amrein5, Norberto Andaluz6, Nada Andelic7, Lasse Andreassen8, Azasevac Antun9, Audny Anke10, Anna Antoni11, Hilko Ardon12, Gérard Audibert13, Kaspars Auslands14, Philippe Azouvi15, Maria Luisa Azzolini16, Camelia Baciu17, Rafael Badenes18, Ronald Bartels19, Pál Barzó20, Ursula Bauerfeind21, Romuald Beauvais22, Ronny Beer23, Francisco Javier Belda18, Bo-Michael Bellander24, Antonio Belli25, Rémy Bellier26, Habib Benali27, Thierry Benard26, Maurizio Berardino28, Luigi Beretta16, Christopher Beynon29, Federico Bilotta18, Harald Binder11, Erta Biqiri17, Morten Blaabjerg30, Hugo den Boogert19, Pierre Bouzat31, Peter Bragge32, Alexandra Brazinova33, Vibeke Brinck34, Joanne Brooker35, Camilla Brorsson36, Andras Buki37, Monika Bullinger38, Emiliana Calappi39, Maria Rosa Calvi16, Peter Cameron40, Lozano Guillermo Carbayo41, Marco Carbonara39, Elsa Carise26, K. Carpenter42, Ana M. Castaño-León43, Francesco Causin44, Giorgio Chevallard17, Arturo Chieregato17, Giuseppe Citerio45,46, Maryse Cnossen47, Mark Coburn48, Jonathan Coles49, Lizzie Coles-Kemp50, Johnny Collett50, Jamie D. Cooper51, Marta Correia52, Amra Covic53, Nicola Curry54, Endre Czeiter55, Marek Czosnyka56, Claire Dahyot-Fizelier26, François Damas57, Pierre Damas58, Helen Dawes59, Véronique De Keyser60, Corte Francesco Della61, Bart Depreitere62, Godard C.W. de Ruiter63, Dula Dilvesi9, Shenghao Ding64, Diederik Dippel65, Abhishek Dixit66, Emma Donoghue40, Jens Dreier67, Guy-Loup Dulière57, George Eapen68, Heiko Engemann53, Ari Ercole66, Patrick Esser59, Erzsébet Ezer69, Martin Fabricius70, Valery L. Feigin71, Junfeng Feng64, Kelly Foks65, Francesca Fossi17, Gilles Francony31, Ulderico Freo72, Shirin Frisvold73, Alex Furmanov74, Pablo Gagliardo75, Damien Galanaud27, Dashiell Gantner40, Guoyi Gao76, Karin Geleijns42, Pradeep George1, Alexandre Ghuysen77, Lelde Giga78, Benoit Giraud26, Ben Glocker79, Jagos Golubovic9, Pedro A. Gomez43, Francesca Grossi61, Russell L. Gruen80, Deepak Gupta81, Juanita A. Haagsma47, Iain Haitsma82, Jed A. Hartings83, Raimund Helbok23, Eirik Helseth84, Daniel Hertle30, Astrid Hoedemaekers85, Stefan Hoefer53, Lindsay Horton86, Jilske Huijben47, Peter J. Hutchinson2, Asta Kristine Håberg87, Bram Jacobs88, Stefan Jankowski68, Mike Jarrett34, Bojan Jelaca9, Ji-yao Jiang76, Kelly Jones89, Konstantinos Kamnitsas79, Mladen Karan6, Ari Katila90, Maija Kaukonen91, Thomas Kerforne26, Riku Kivisaari91, Angelos G. Kolias2, Bálint Kolumbán92, Erwin Kompanje93, Ksenija Kolundzija94, Daniel Kondziella70, Lars-Owe Koskinen36, Noémi Kovács92, Alfonso Lagares43, Linda Lanyon1, Steven Laureys95, Fiona Lecky96, Christian Ledig79, Rolf Lefering97, Valerie Legrand98, Jin Lei64, Leon Levi99, Roger Lightfoot100, Hester Lingsma47, Dirk Loeckx101, Angels Lozano18, Andrew I.R. Maas60, Stephen MacDonald102, Marc Maegele103, Marek Majdan33, Sebastian Major104, Alex Manara105, Geoffrey Manley106, Didier Martin107, Leon Francisco Martin101, Costanza Martino3, Armando Maruenda18, Hugues Maréchal57, Alessandro Masala3, Julia Mattern29, Charles McFadyen66, Catherine McMahon108, Béla Melegh109, David Menon66, Tomas Menovsky60, Cristina Morganti-Kossmann110, Davide Mulazzi39, Visakh Muraleedharan1, Lynnette Murray40, Holger Mühlan111, Nandesh Nair60, Ancuta Negru112, David Nelson1, Virginia Newcombe66, Daan Nieboer47, Quentin Noirhomme95, József Nyirádi5, Mauro Oddo113, Annemarie Oldenbeuving114, Matej Oresic115, Fabrizio Ortolano39, Aarno Palotie116,117,118, Paul M. Parizel119, Adriana Patruno120, Jean-François Payen31, Natascha Perera22, Vincent Perlbarg27, Paolo Persona121, Wilco Peul63, Anna Piippo-Karjalainen91, Floury Sébastien Pili122, Matti Pirinen116, Horia Ples112, Maria Antonia Poca123, Suzanne Polinder47, Inigo Pomposo41, Jussi Posti90, Louis Puybasset124, Andreea Radoi123, Arminas Ragauskas195, Rahul Raj91, Malinka Rambadagalla126, Ruben Real53, Veronika Rehorčíková33, Jonathan Rhodes127, Samuli Ripatti116, Saulius Rocka125, Cecilie Roe128, Olav Roise129, Gerwin Roks130, Jonathan Rosand131, Jeffrey Rosenfeld110, Christina Rosenlund132, Guy Rosenthal74, Rolf Rossaint48, Sandra Rossi121, Daniel Rueckert79, Martin Rusnák133, Marco Sacchi17, Barbara Sahakian66, Juan Sahuquillo123, Oliver Sakowitz134,135, Francesca Sala120, Renan Sanchez-Porras134, Janos Sandor136, Edgar Santos29, Luminita Sasu61, Davide Savo120, Nadine Schäffer103, Inger Schipper137, Barbara Schlößer21, Silke Schmidt111, Herbert Schoechl138, Guus Schoonman130, Rico Frederik Schou139, Elisabeth Schwendenwein11, Michael Schöll29, Özcan Sir140, Toril Skandsen141, Lidwien Smakman63, Dirk Smeets101, Peter Smielewski56, Abayomi Sorinola142, Emmanuel Stamatakis66, Simon Stanworth54, Nicole Steinbüchel143, Ana Stevanovic48, Robert Stevens144, William Stewart145, Ewout W. Steyerberg47,146, Nino Stocchetti147, Nina Sundström36, Anneliese Synnot34,148, Fabio Silvio Taccone18, Riikka Takala90, Viktória Tamás142, Päivi Tanskanen91, Mark Steven Taylor33, Braden Te Ao71, Olli Tenovuo90, Ralph Telgmann53, Guido Teodorani149, Alice Theadom71, Matt Thomas105, Dick Tibboel42, Christos Tolias150, Jean-Flory Luaba Tshibanda151, Tony Trapani40, Cristina Maria Tudora112, Peter Vajkoczy67, Shirley Vallance43, Egils Valeinis78, Gregory Van der Steen60, Mathieu van der Jagt152, Joukje van der Naalt88, Jeroen T.J.M. van Dijck63, Thomas A. van Essen63, Wim Van Hecke101, Caroline van Heugten59, Dominique Van Praag60, Thijs Vande Vyvere101, Julia Van Waesberghe48, Audrey Vanhaudenhuyse27,95, Alessia Vargiolu120, Emmanuel Vega153, Kimberley Velt47, Jan Verheyden101, Paul M. vespa154, Anne Vik155, Rimantas Vilcinis156, Giacinta Vizzino17, Carmen Vleggeert-Lankamp63, Victor Volovici82, Daphne Voormolen47, Peter Vulekovic9, Zoltán Vámos69, Derick Wade59, Kevin K.W. Wang157, Lei Wang64, Lars Wessels158, Eno Wildschut42, Guy Williams66, Lindsay Wilson86, Maren K.L. Winkler104, Stefan Wolf158, Peter Ylén159, Alexander Younsi29, Menashe Zaaroor99, Yang Zhihui160, Agate Ziverte78, Fabrizio Zumbo3.
1Karolinska Institutet, INCF International Neuroinformatics Coordinating Facility, Stockholm, Sweden.
2Division of Neurosurgery, Department of Clinical Neurosciences, Addenbrooke’s Hospital & University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK.
3Department of Anesthesia & Intensive Care, M. Bufalini Hospital, Cesena, Italy.
4Department of Clinical Neurosciences, Addenbrooke’s Hospital & University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK.
5János Szentágothai Research Centre, University of Pécs, Pécs, Hungary.
6University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio, United States.
7Division of Surgery and Clinical Neuroscience, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Oslo University Hospital and University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.
8Department of Neurosurgery, University Hospital Northern Norway, Tromso, Norway.
9Department of Neurosurgery, Clinical centre of Vojvodina, Faculty of Medicine, University of Novi Sad, Novi Sad, Serbia.
10Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University hospital Northern Norway.
11Trauma Surgery, Medical University Vienna, Vienna, Austria.
12Department of Neurosurgery, Elisabeth-Tweesteden Ziekenhuis, Tilburg, the Netherlands.
13Department of Anesthesiology & Intensive Care, University Hospital Nancy, Nancy, France.
14Riga Eastern Clinical University Hospital, Riga, Latvia.
15Raymond Poincare hospital, Assistance Publique – Hopitaux de Paris, Paris, France.
16Department of Anesthesiology & Intensive Care, S Raffaele University Hospital, Milan, Italy.
17NeuroIntensive Care, Niguarda Hospital.
18Department Anesthesiology and Surgical-Trauma Intensive Care, Hospital Clinic Universitari de Valencia, Spain.
19Department of Neurosurgery, Radboud University Medical Center.
20Department of Neurosurgery, University of Szeged, Szeged, Hungary.
21Institute for Transfusion Medicine (ITM), Witten/Herdecke University, Cologne, Germany.
22International Projects Management, ARTTIC, Munchen, Germany.
23Department of Neurology, Neurological Intensive Care Unit, Medical University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria.
24Department of Neurosurgery & Anesthesia & intensive care medicine, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
25NIHR Surgical Reconstruction and Microbiology Research Centre, Birmingham, UK.
26Intensive care Unit, CHU Poitiers, Poitiers, France.
27Anesthesie-Réanimation, Assistance Publique – Hopitaux de Paris, Paris, France.
28Department of Anesthesia & ICU, AOU Città della Salute e della Scienza di Torino - Orthopedic and Trauma Center, Torino, Italy.
29Department of Neurosurgery, University Hospital Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany.
30Department of Neurology, Odense University Hospital, Odense, Denmark.
31Department of Anesthesiology & Intensive Care, University Hospital of Grenoble, Grenoble, France.
32BehaviourWorks Australia, Monash Sustainability Institute, Monash University, Victoria, Australia.
33Department of Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences and Social Work, Trnava University, Trnava, Slovakia.
34Quesgen Systems Inc., Burlingame, California, USA.
35Australian & New Zealand Intensive Care Research Centre, Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia.
36Department of Neurosurgery, Umea University Hospital, Umea, Sweden.
37Department of Neurosurgery, University of Pecs and MTA-PTE Clinical Neuroscience MR Research Group and Janos Szentagothai Research Centre, University of Pecs, Hungarian Brain Research Program, Pecs, Hungary.
38Department of Medical Psychology, Universitätsklinikum Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany.
39Neuro ICU, Fondazione IRCCS Cà Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Milan, Italy.
40ANZIC Research Centre, Monash University, Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Melbourne, Vitoria, Australia.
41Department of Neurosurgery, Hospital of Cruces, Bilbao, Spain.
42Intensive Care and Department of Pediatric Surgery, Erasmus Medical Center, Sophia Children’s Hospital, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.
43Department of Neurosurgery, Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre, Madrid, Spain.
44Department of Neuroscience, Azienda Ospedaliera Università di Padova, Padova, Italy.
45NeuroIntensive Care, ASST di Monza, Monza, Italy.
46School of Medicine and Surgery, Università Milano Bicocca, Milano, Italy.
47Department of Public Health, Erasmus Medical Center-University Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.
48Department of Anaesthesiology, University Hospital of Aachen, Aachen, Germany.
49Department of Anesthesia & Neurointensive Care, Cambridge University Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Cambridge, UK.
50Movement Science Group, Oxford Institute of Nursing, Midwifery and Allied Health Research, Oxford Brookes University, Oxford, UK.
51School of Public Health & PM, Monash University and The Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
52Radiology/MRI department, MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, Cambridge, UK.
53Institute of Medical Psychology and Medical Sociology, Universitätsmedizin Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany.
54Oxford University Hospitals NHS Trust, Oxford, UK.
55Department of Neurosurgery, University of Pecs and MTA-PTE Clinical Neuroscience MR Research Group and Janos Szentagothai Research Centre, University of Pecs, Hungarian Brain Research Program (Grant No. KTIA 13 NAP-A-II/8), Pecs, Hungary.
56Brain Physics Lab, Division of Neurosurgery, Dept of Clinical Neurosciences, University of Cambridge, Addenbrooke’s Hospital, Cambridge, UK.
57Intensive Care Unit, CHR Citadelle, Liège, Belgium.
58Intensive Care Unit, CHU, Liège, Belgium.
59Movement Science Group, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Oxford Brookes University, Oxford, UK.
60Department of Neurosurgery, Antwerp University Hospital and University of Antwerp, Edegem, Belgium.
61Department of Anesthesia & Intensive Care, Maggiore Della Carità Hospital, Novara, Italy.
62Department of Neurosurgery, University Hospitals Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.
63Dept. of Neurosurgery, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands and Dept. of Neurosurgery, Medical Center Haaglanden, The Hague, The Netherlands.
64Department of Neurosurgery, Renji Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.
65Department of Neurology, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, the Netherlands.
66Division of Anaesthesia, University of Cambridge, Addenbrooke’s Hospital, Cambridge, UK.
67Neurologie, Neurochirurgie und Psychiatrie, Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany.
68Neurointensive Care, Sheffield Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Sheffield, UK.
69Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Therapy, University of Pécs, Pécs, Hungary.
70Departments of Neurology, Clinical Neurophysiology and Neuroanesthesiology, Region Hovedstaden Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark.
71National Institute for Stroke and Applied Neurosciences, Faculty of Health and Environmental Studies, Auckland University of Technology, Auckland, New Zealand.
72Department of Medicine, Azienda Ospedaliera Università di Padova, Padova, Italy.
73Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive care, University Hospital Northern Norway, Tromso, Norway.
74Department of Neurosurgery, Hadassah-hebrew University Medical center, Jerusalem, Israel.
75Fundación Instituto Valenciano de Neurorrehabilitación (FIVAN), Valencia, Spain.
76Department of Neurosurgery, Shanghai Renji hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University/school of medicine, Shanghai, China.
77Emergency Department, CHU, Liège, Belgium.
78Pauls Stradins Clinical University Hospital, Riga, Latvia.
79Department of Computing, Imperial College London, London, UK.
80Lee Kong Chian School of Medicine, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore; and Monash University, Australia.
81Department of Neurosurgery, Neurosciences Centre & JPN Apex trauma centre, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi-110,029, India.
82Department of Neurosurgery, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, the Netherlands.
83Department of Neurosurgery, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA.
84Department of Neurosurgery, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway.
85Department of Intensive Care Medicine, Radboud University Medical Center.
86Division of Psychology, University of Stirling, Stirling, UK.
87Department of Medical Imaging, St. Olavs Hospital and Department of Neuroscience, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway.
88Department of Neurology, University Medical Center Groningen, Groningen, Netherlands.
89National Institute for Stroke & Applied Neurosciences of the AUT University, Auckland, New Zealand.
90Rehabilitation and Brain Trauma, Turku University Central Hospital and University of Turku, Turku, Finland.
91Helsinki University Central Hospital.
92Hungarian Brain Research Program - Grant No. KTIA 13 NAP-A-II/8, University of Pécs, Pécs, Hungary.
93Department of Intensive Care and Department of Ethics and Philosophy of Medicine, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.
94Department of Psichiatry, Clinical centre of Vojvodina, Faculty of Medicine, University of Novi Sad, Novi Sad, Serbia.
95Cyclotron Research Center, University of Liège, Liège, Belgium.
96Emergency Medicine Research in Sheffield, Health Services Research Section, School of Health and Related Research (ScHARR), University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK.
97Institute of Research in Operative Medicine (IFOM), Witten/Herdecke University, Cologne, Germany.
98VP Global Project Management CNS, ICON, Paris, France.
99Department of Neurosurgery, Rambam Medical Center, Haifa, Israel.
100Department of Anesthesiology & Intensive Care, University Hospitals Southhampton NHS Trust, Southhampton, UK.
101icoMetrix NV, Leuven, Belgium.
102Cambridge University Hospitals, Cambridge, UK.
103Cologne-Merheim Medical Center (CMMC), Department of Traumatology, Orthopedic Surgery and Sportmedicine, Witten/Herdecke University, Cologne, Germany.
104Centrum für Schlaganfallforschung, Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany.
105Intensive Care Unit, Southmead Hospital, Bristol, Bristol, UK.
106Department of Neurological Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, California, USA.
107Department of Neurosurgery, CHU, Liège, Belgium.
108Department of Neurosurgery, The Walton centre NHS Foundation Trust, Liverpool, UK.
109Department of Medical Genetics, University of Pécs, Pécs, Hungary.
110National Trauma Research Institute, The Alfred Hospital, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
111Department Health and Prevention, University Greifswald, Greifswald, Germany.
112Department of Neurosurgery, Emergency County Hospital Timisoara, Timisoara, Romania.
113Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois.
114Department of Intensive Care, Elisabeth-Tweesteden Ziekenhuis, Tilburg, the Netherlands.
115Department of Systems Medicine, Steno Diabetes Center, Gentofte, Denmark.
116Institute for Molecular Medicine Finland, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.
117Analytic and Translational Genetics Unit, Department of Medicine; Psychiatric & Neurodevelopmental Genetics Unit, Department of Psychiatry; Department of Neurology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, USA.
118Program in Medical and Population Genetics; The Stanley Center for Psychiatric Research, The Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard, Cambridge, MA, USA.
119Department of Radiology, Antwerp University Hospital and University of Antwerp, Edegem, Belgium.
120NeuroIntenisve Care Unit, Department of Anesthesia & Intensive Care, ASST di Monza, Monza, Italy.
121Department of Anesthesia & Intensive Care, Azienda Ospedaliera Università di Padova, Padova, Italy.
122Intensive Care Unit, CHRU de Besançon, Besançon, France.
123Department of Neurosurgery, Vall d’Hebron University Hospital, Barcelona, Spain.
124Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care, Pitié - Salpêtrière Teaching Hospital, Assistance Publique, Hôpitaux de Paris and University Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris, France.
125Department of Neurosurgery, Kaunas University of technology and Vilnius University, Vilnius, Lithuania.
126Rezekne Hospital, Latvia.
127Department of Anesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine NHS Lothian & University of Edinburg, Edinburgh, UK.
128Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Oslo University Hospital/University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.
129Division of Surgery and Clinical Neuroscience, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway.
130Department of Neurology, Elisabeth-TweeSteden Ziekenhuis, Tilburg, the Netherlands.
131Broad Institute, Cambridge MA Harvard Medical School, Boston MA, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston MA, USA.
132Department of Neurosurgery, Odense University Hospital, Odense, Denmark.
133International Neurotrauma Research Organization, Vienna, Austria.
134Klinik für Neurochirurgie, Klinikum Ludwigsburg, Ludwigsburg, Germany.
135University Hospital Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany.
136Division of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Department of Preventive Medicine, University of Debrecen, Debrecen, Hungary.
137Department of Traumasurgery, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands.
138Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care, AUVATrauma Hospital, Salzburg, Austria.
139Department of Neuroanesthesia and Neurointensive Care, Odense University Hospital, Odense, Denmark.
140Department of Emergency Care Medicine, Radboud University Medical Center.
141Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, St. Olavs Hospital and Department of Neuroscience, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway.
142Department of Neurosurgery, University of Pécs, Pécs, Hungary.
143Universitätsmedizin Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany.
144Division of Neuroscience Critical Care, John Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, USA.
145Department of Neuropathology, Queen Elizabeth University Hospital and University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK.
146Dept. of Department of Biomedical Data Sciences, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden.
147Department of Pathophysiology and Transplantation, Milan University, and Neuroscience ICU, Fondazione IRCCS Cà Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Milano, Italy.
148Cochrane Consumers and Communication Review Group, Centre for Health Communication and Participation, School of Psychology and Public Health, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Australia.
149Department of Reahabilitation, M. Bufalini Hospital, Cesena, Italy.
150Department of Neurosurgery, Kings college London, London, UK.
151Radiology/MRI Department, CHU, Liège, Belgium.
152Department of Intensive Care, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, the Netherlands.
153Department of Anesthesiology-Intensive Care, Lille University Hospital, Lille, France.
154Director of Neurocritical Care, University of California, Los Angeles, USA.
155Department of Neurosurgery, St. Olavs Hospital and Department of Neuroscience, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway.
156Department of Neurosurgery, Kaunas University of Health Sciences, Kaunas, Lithuania.
157Department of Psychiatry, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA.
158Interdisciplinary Neuro Intensive Care Unit, Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany.
159VTT Technical Research Centre, Tampere, Finland.
160University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA.