Acta Neurochirurgica

, Volume 160, Issue 3, pp 519–524 | Cite as

A counterforce to diversion of cerebrospinal fluid during ventriculoperitoneal shunting: the intraperitoneal pressure. An observational study

  • Brit Böse
  • Veit Rohde
  • Ingo Fiss
  • Florian Baptist Freimann
Original Article - Pediatrics



Intraperitoneal pressure (IPP) counteracts the diversion of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) from the cranial to the peritoneal compartment during ventriculoperitoneal shunting. Animal studies suggest that the intrinsic IPP exceeds the intraperitoneal hydrostatic pressure. The intrinsic IPP in mobile patients is relevant for shunt therapy, but data about it is not available.


The IPP was measured indirectly in 25 mobile subjects (13 female) by applying a standard intravesical pressure measurement technique. Measurements were carried out in reference to the navel (supine position) and the xiphoid (upright position). Results were adjusted for the intraperitoneal hydrostatic pressure and correlated afterward with general body measures.


The corrected mean (SD) IPP measured in the supine position was 4.4 (4.5) cm H2O, and the mean (SD) upright IPP was 1.6 (7.8) cm H2O (p = 0.02). A positive correlation was found between the body mass index (BMI) and the IPP in the upright (r = 0.51) and supine (r = 0.65) body positions, and between the abdominal circumference and the IPP in the supine position (r = 0.63).


The intrinsic IPP in mobile subjects exceeds the intraperitoneal hydrostatic pressure. Thus, the intrinsic IPP counteracts the diversion of CSF into the peritoneal compartment. The intrinsic IPP is correlated with mobile patients’ general body measures.


Hydrocephalus Intraperitoneal pressure Overdrainage Ventriculoperitoneal shunt 



We would like to thank Michael Hanna, PhD, (Mercury Medical Research & Writing) for proof-reading the manuscript.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria, part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of NeurosurgeryUniversity Hospital of GöttingenGöttingenGermany

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