Acta Neurochirurgica

, Volume 160, Issue 2, pp 291–294 | Cite as

Transcondylar approach for resection of lateral medullary cavernous malformation

How I Do it - Neurosurgical Techniques



Resection of a medullary cavernous malformation requires aggressive exposure, but there is controversy on how much occipital condyle can be safely removed during the transcondylar approach.


We describe and demonstrate the use of the transcondylar approach to a medullary cavernous malformation, with emphasis on adequate surgical exposure while preserving the atlanto-occipital joint.


Despite conservative handling of the occipital condyle, craniocervical stability may vary in patients after transcondylar surgery. A “dynamic” computer tomography, with views of the atlanto-occipital joint at each end-rotational extreme, may be the best postoperative assessment tool to evaluate the stability of the craniocervical junction.


Cavernous malformation Transcondylar approach Atlanto-occipital instability Dynamic CT 



Glossopharyngeal and vagus nerves


Spinal accessory nerve


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest


Consent statement

The patient has consented to submission of this “How I Do It” to Acta Neurochirurgica.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of NeurosurgeryGeorge Washington University Medical Faculty AssociatesWashingtonUSA

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