Intrachiasmatic abscess caused by IgG4-related hypophysitis
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Autoimmune hypophysitis is a rare disease of the pituitary, which may affect vision by inflammation and compression of the optic chiasm. However, intrachiasmatic abscess formation has not been previously reported.
In this study, we report a case of a 29-year-old female with bitemporal hemianopia due to a cystic intrasellar tumor. The patient underwent surgical decompression of the lesion, which was found to be an intrachiasmatic abscess.
The histologic findings were consistent with IgG4 hypophysitis.
This rare clinical presentation suggests that in case of a disproportionate degree of visual impairment in relation to the size of the lesion, suspicion should lead to an intrachiasmatic lesion.
KeywordsAbscess Hypophysitis IgG4 Intrachiasmatic
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