Technique for rerouting a bridging vein that hinders the anterior interhemispheric approach: a technical note
The frontal bridging vein, which is the venous drainage route of the frontal cortex into the superior sagittal sinus (SSS), sometimes poses an obstacle in the anterior interhemispheric approach during surgery for anterior cerebral artery aneurysms. Although severe complications including venous infarction or edema due to damage to the bridging vein are well known, only a few reports have discussed how to avoid venous injury when we must sacrifice the bridging vein to obtain an appropriate surgical field. This report describes a microvascular technique performed in two patients who underwent rerouting of the bridging vein to obtain an appropriate anterior interhemispheric surgical corridor to treat a ruptured anterior cerebral artery aneurysm. The hindering bridging vein was resected from the entrance to the SSS and anastomosed toward the adjacent cortical vein.
A 65-year-old male and a 43-year-old male were admitted to our hospital for sudden headache. Computed tomography, magnetic resonance angiogram, or digital subtraction angiography demonstrated a subarachnoid hemorrhage and an anterior cerebral artery aneurysm in both patients. In both cases, a relatively robust bridging vein, which appeared problematic to sacrifice, was draining into the SSS, resulting in a limited surgical corridor. Thus, we performed cortical vein reconstruction, and the aneurysms were successfully clipped under a wider surgical view.
We confirmed completed clipping without postoperative venous complications. One patient demonstrated patency of reconstructed venous flow by digital subtraction angiography. No apparent cognitive impairment was seen in either patient.
This technique may be useful for obtaining an appropriate surgical corridor when the frontal bridging vein may be damaged.
KeywordsVenous reconstruction Anterior interhemispheric approach Venous infarction Anterior cerebral artery aneurysm
- 7.Kiyofuji S, Inoue T, Hasegawa H, Tamura A, Saito I (2014) A3-A3 anastomosis and superficial temporal artery-radial artery graft-A3 bypass to treat bilateral ACA steno-occlusive hemodynamic ischemia with cognitive and executive dysfunction: a technical note. Acta Neurochir 156:2085–2093. discussion 2093CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar