Long-term follow-up after endoscopic trans-sphenoidal surgery or initial observation in clivus chordomas
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Resection of clivus chordomas through extensive skull base approaches is associated with high mortality and morbidity even in experienced hands. We report our experience with endoscopic trans-sphenoidal surgery, or a “wait-and-scan” strategy in selected patients.
Ten patients were diagnosed with clivus chordomas during an 8-year period. Six patients underwent primary treatment with endoscopic trans-sphenoidal surgery, followed by adjuvant proton-beam therapy in three of these patients. Four patients with minor symptoms were followed-up untreated. Mean follow-up was 91 months.
Of the six patients operated on, total or gross total resection was achieved in four, partial resection in one and biopsy was taken in one. Preoperative cranial neuropathies resolved in three out of five patients, and no new cranial nerve palsies were encountered. Postoperative cerebrospinal fluid leak occurred in one patient. Four patients were initially followed-up without any treatment, and three of these have remained stable without tumour progression for a mean of 94 months. Due to a slow, though progressive growth of tumour, one patient was operated on after 80 months of initial observation.
The natural course of clivus chordomas has yet to be defined. The endoscopic trans-sphenoidal approach is a valid, minimally invasive alternative for the treatment of clival chordomas, and in selected patients a “wait and scan” strategy can be considered. Our long-term results show low mortality and good functional outcome. An endonasal endoscopic trans-sphenoidal approach should be a principal part of the armamentarium of surgeons treating clivus chordomas.
KeywordsClivus chordoma Endoscopic surgery Trans-sphenoidal approach Proton beam therapy
Compliance with ethical standards
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. For this type of study, formal consent is not required.
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.
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