How I do it: surgical ligation of craniocervical junction dural AV fistulas
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Dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVFs) of the craniocervical junction are uncommon vascular lesions, which often require surgical treatment even in the endovascular era.
Most commonly, the fistula is placed laterally, and surgical ligation is performed through a lateral suboccipital craniotomy. After dural opening, the area is inspected, and the arterialized vein is identified emerging from the dura, often adjacent to the entry point of the vertebral artery, and ligated.
A far lateral craniotomy is the authors’ preferred surgical approach for accessing and treating dural arteriovenous fistulas of the craniocervical junction that cannot be reached endovascularly.
KeywordsSurgery Arteriovenous fistula Suboccipital craniotomy Far lateral approach Clipping
The authors demonstrate the successful clipping of the heavily calcified, arterialized draining vein, emanating from the dura adjacent to the vertebral artery. (MP4 146,068 kb)
The authors demonstrate the successful obliteration of an AV fistula of the craniocervical junction with a permanent aneurysm clip, applied to the arterialized draining vein shortly after its emergence from the dura. (MP4 348,366 kb)