Dural arteriovenous fistula manifesting as pontine hemorrhage at the craniocervical junction
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Craniocervical junction (CCJ) dural arteriovenous fistula (DAVF) manifesting as intracerebral hemorrhage is extremely rare. We report the first case of CCJ-DAVF manifesting as pontine hemorrhage. A 69-year-old male presented with a pontine hemorrhage manifesting as a sudden onset of right hemiparesis and dysarthria. Digital subtraction angiography revealed a CCJ-DAVF fed by the meningeal branches of the right vertebral artery. The patient underwent surgical ligation of the cerebral draining veins to prevent re-bleeding. The postoperative course was uneventful. The patient had no neurological deficit after 1 month rehabilitation.
KeywordsDural arteriovenous fistula Craniocervical junction Intracerebral hemorrhage Pontine hemorrhage