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Acta Neurochirurgica

, Volume 158, Issue 4, pp 655–662 | Cite as

Transaqueductal trans-Magendie fenestration of arachnoid cyst in the posterior fossa

  • Alberto FelettiEmail author
  • Matteo Alicandri-Ciufelli
  • Giacomo Pavesi
Technical Note - Neurosurgical Techniques

Abstract

Background

Neuroendoscopy is currently recommended as the first choice to treat posterior fossa arachnoid cysts. It has proven to be effective, providing improved outcome, and safe, having a low complication rate. Compared to craniotomy and shunt placement, it has lower surgical morbidity, minimizing or avoiding risks of subdural fluid collections, shunt infection, malfunction, overdrainage, and dependence. Usually, rigid scopes maneuvered through a suboccipital approach are used. When symptomatic obstructive hydrocephalus develops, CSF diversion is the first aim of surgery.

Methods

In these patients, a flexible scope introduced through a frontal burr hole allows not only immediate and efficient management of hydrocephalus with endoscopic third-ventriculostomy, but in selected cases also direct cyst inspection and fenestration. Navigation of an enlarged cerebral aqueduct is actually safe when performed by experienced neurosurgeons.

Results

We describe the cystocisternostomy of a cisterna magna arachnoid cyst using a transaqueductal trans-Magendie approach.

Conclusions

This minimally invasive technique gives the possibility of performing both endoscopic third-ventriculostomy and cyst fenestration, which alone may not be enough to efficiently treat hydrocephalus.

Keywords

Arachnoid cyst Posterior fossa Neuroendoscopy Hydrocephalus Cyst fenestration Transaqueductal 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Disclosure

The authors report no conflict of interest concerning the materials or methods used in this study or the findings specified in this paper.

Patient consent

The patient has consented to the submission of this technical note to the journal.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alberto Feletti
    • 1
    Email author
  • Matteo Alicandri-Ciufelli
    • 1
  • Giacomo Pavesi
    • 1
  1. 1.Unit of Neurosurgery, Department of NeurosciencesNOCSAE Modena HospitalBaggiovara (MO)Italy

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