This article deals with the solution of integral equations using collocation methods with almost linear complexity. Methods such as fast multipole, panel clustering and ℋ-matrix methods gain their efficiency from approximating the kernel function. The proposed algorithm which uses the ℋ-matrix format, in contrast, is purely algebraic and relies on a small part of the collocation matrix for its blockwise approximation by low-rank matrices. Furthermore, a new algorithm for matrix partitioning that significantly reduces the number of blocks generated is presented.
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