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Capanemia (Oncidiinae): an orchid genus revised and simplified

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Abstract

A taxonomic revision of Capanemia (Orchidaceae) was completed after morphological, nomenclatural and phylogenetic studies. Our analyses do not support the infrageneric classification (Capanemia sect. Capanemia and Capanemia sect. Planifolia) proposed by Pabst in the seventies and recovered Sanderella as the sister group of Capanemia, albeit with low statistical support. We herein recognized six species of Capanemia, proposed five new synonyms, designated one lectotype and excluded one name.

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Modified from Buzatto et al. (2010)

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Modified from Buzatto et al. (2010)

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Modified from Buzatto et al. (2010)

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Acknowledgments

CRB thanks CAPES (Coordenadoria de Aperfeiçoamento do Pessoal de Nível Superior) for his scholarship. CRB, RBS and CvdB thank the Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq, Projects Reflora 563556/2010–2 and FAPESB PNX0014/2009) for financial support. CRB thanks Michelle Helena Nervo for preparing the maps and Luiz Filipe Klein Varella who kindly sent us photographs of the Capanemia carinata. The curators and staff at AMES, B, BM, GOET, HB, HBR, HUEFS, MBM, PACA, RB, RSPF, SP and W are acknowledged for their courtesy and support during our visits and stays; and two anonymous reviewers who helped us improve a first version of this manuscript. Funding was provided by Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado da Bahia (BR) (Grant No. 0014-2009).

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Correspondence to Cristiano Roberto Buzatto.

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Online Resource 1. Combined matrix of Capanemia and outgroups (ITS, matK-trnK and psbA-trnH).

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Buzatto, C.R., Singer, R.B., van den Berg, C. et al. Capanemia (Oncidiinae): an orchid genus revised and simplified. Plant Syst Evol 306, 25 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00606-020-01632-4

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Keywords

  • Lectotypification
  • Molecular phylogeny
  • New synonyms
  • Nomenclature
  • Orchidaceae
  • Taxonomic revision