Plant Systematics and Evolution

, Volume 305, Issue 1, pp 49–59 | Cite as

What is Seseli diffusum? A comparative morphological and molecular appraisal of a critical species of the Umbelliferae

  • Michael Pimenov
  • Galina DegtjarevaEmail author
  • Tatiana Ostroumova
  • Tahir Samigullin
  • Ekaterina Zakharova
Original Article


A comprehensive study of critical South Asian species Seseli diffusum (Umbelliferae—Apioideae—Apieae) was carried out to determine the most suitable taxonomic position of the species, based on morphology (carpoanatomy, micromorphology of the fruit indumentum and some vegetative characters) and molecular data from nrDNA ITS region sequencing. Comparison with certain other species of Seseli and several provisionally related Apieae genera showed a close affinity of S. diffusum to the genus Psammogeton and more distant relationships with some species of Trachyspermum, clearly polyphyletic genus. No species of Seseli, even in broad sense, was found to be closely related to S. diffusum. It was proposed to transfer this species into Psammogeton, while separating a new section, Pseudoseseli, within the latter.


Apiaceae Micromorphology Psammogeton Seseli Taxonomy Trachyspermum 



We are grateful to the curators of B, BLAT, E, K, LE, M, MW and P herbaria for the use of their facilities and our friend Prof. Patricia M.Tilney (University of Johannesburg, Republic of South Africa) for valuable comments and careful linguistic correction of the text.


Taxonomical and morphological studies carried out by M.G. Pimenov, T.A. Ostroumova and E.A. Zakharova were funded by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (grant 16-04-00525). The molecular analysis made by G.V. Degtjareva and T.H. Samigullin was funded by the Russian Science Foundation (grant 14-50-00029). SEM studies were performed at the User Facilities Centre of the M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University with the financial support of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

606_2018_1550_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (22 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (PDF 22 kb)
606_2018_1550_MOESM2_ESM.pdf (16 kb)
Supplementary material 2 (PDF 16 kb)


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© Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Botanical Garden, Biological FacultyMoscow State UniversityMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Belozersky Institute of Physico-Chemical BiologyMoscow State UniversityMoscowRussia

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