Plant Systematics and Evolution

, Volume 304, Issue 5, pp 699–721 | Cite as

New insights into variation, evolution and taxonomy of fairy lanterns (Thismia, Thismiaceae) with four new species from Borneo

Original Article
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Abstract

Fairy lanterns (Thismia Griff.) is a genus of poorly known mycoheterotrophic plants with unclear infrageneric classification. Commonly used approaches that utilize just a single or few traits in higher-level taxonomy lead to an apparently artificial system. In this contribution, four new species from Sarawak, northern Borneo, are described and illustrated. Thismia acuminata, T. laevis and T. nigra belong undoubtedly to section Sarcosiphon. Thismia viridistriata exhibits a high morphological variability with some individuals fitting section Scaphiophora based on the presence of a column on the top of the mitre, but otherwise perfectly matching the morphological characteristic of section Sarcosiphon. Five-locus (SSU, ITS, LSU, matR, atpA) phylogeny inference revealed paraphyly or polyphyly in the studied infrageneric taxa and showed that the importance of some traits traditionally used in Thismia taxonomy was overestimated. Most of the markers provide comparable phylogenetic signal; LSU performs best and is highly recommended for further phylogenetic studies. On the other hand, ITS is hypervariable and thus informative only within (sub)sections, as well as on intraspecific level, as proven in T. viridistriata with two distinct ITS (and also LSU and matR) alleles and two morphotypes within a small geographic area, which leads to an assumption of strong reproductive isolation even among nearby populations. For delimitation of species, the key trait appears to be the structure of the connective and any of the molecular markers used here.

Keywords

Fairy lanterns Kelabit Highlands Mycoheterotrophy Pulong Tau Sarcosiphon Thismia 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank John Rian Pasan and David Attu for guiding services, Nur Afiza Binti Umar (Sarawak Forestry Department) for providing us with all the permits, Zuzana Egertová for field assistance and staff of SAR herbarium, particularly Nur Safinas Binti Jelani, for kind cooperation. We are also grateful to Renata Melichárková for line drawings. MH was supported by the project no. IGA PrF-2018-001 from the Internal Grant Agency of the Palacký University, and MS was supported by Grant No. LO1204 (Sustainable development of research in the Centre of the Region Haná) from the National Program of Sustainability I, MEYS. The research was conducted under the permit No. NCCD.907.4.4(JLD.13)-337 issued by Sarawak Forestry Department.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

606_2018_1504_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (465 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (PDF 464 kb)
606_2018_1504_MOESM2_ESM.pdf (19 kb)
Supplementary material 2 (PDF 19 kb)
606_2018_1504_MOESM3_ESM.pdf (726 kb)
Supplementary material 3 (PDF 725 kb)
606_2018_1504_MOESM4_ESM.txt (406 kb)
Supplementary material 4 (TXT 405 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre of the Region Haná for Biotechnological and Agricultural Research, Department of Genetic Resources for Vegetables, Medicinal and Special PlantsCrop Research InstituteOlomoucCzech Republic
  2. 2.Department of BotanyPalacký UniversityOlomoucCzech Republic
  3. 3.Department of Ecology and Environmental SciencesPalacký UniversityOlomoucCzech Republic

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