Plant Systematics and Evolution

, Volume 303, Issue 7, pp 815–826 | Cite as

The revision of Prangos subsections Koelzella and Fedtschenkoana (Apiaceae) with some notes to phylogeny and biogeography of the genus: molecular and morphological evidences

  • Dmitry F. Lyskov
  • Galina V. Degtjareva
  • Tagir H. Samigullin
  • Michael G. Pimenov
Original Article


Taxonomic and molecular phylogenetic investigation of the genus Prangos with special attention to the species from subsections Koelzella and Fedtschenkoana, distributed in mountainous South-west Asia and Middle Asia, has been carried out. Morphological and carpological features as well as sequences of nrITS/ETS show that Prangos and relative genera Cachrys and Bilacunaria are monophyletic taxa. The phylogenetic results of the current study do not agree with any published infrageneric classifications of Prangos. The majority of intrageneric taxa of Prangos turn out as non-monophyletic groups. Such taxonomically believed morphological features of Prangos as the architecture of inner mesocarp of the fruit are more labile than previously thought. The most important character of the fruit surface is the presence or absence of stomata. The subsection Koelzella comprises two lineages, one of which includes a representative of subsection Fedtschenkoana. The first lineage, designed as “Prangos pabularia” clade, includes the Middle Asian species, except for P. equisetoides, segregated as new subgenus Koelzella. The second lineages, designed as “Prangos uloptera” clade, include P. uloptera, P. lophoptera, and P. equisetoides and remained in new section Ulopterae of subgenus Prangos. Independent taxonomic statuses of P. tschimganica, P. lipskyi, P. ornata, P. equisetoides from P. uloptera, and P. fedtschenkoi and P. lophoptera from P. pabularia are confirmed. Prangos gyrocarpa and P. seravschanica were recognized as the subspecies of P. pabularia: subsp. gyrocarpa and subsp. sarawschanica, respectively.


Fruit anatomy nrDNA S-DIVA SEM Taxonomy Umbelliferae 



Taxonomical and morphological studies made by D.F. Lyskov and G.V. Degtjareva were funded by Russian Science Foundation (project no. 14-50-00029). The molecular phylogenetic analysis made by D.F. Lyskov and T.H. Samigullin was founded by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (project no. 12-04-31543 mol_a; 16-34-00500 mol_a). We would like to thank the staff of all visited herbaria for help, provision of working facilities, and permission for using fruits of herbarium specimens for carpological analysis and the samples for molecular studies. SEM investigations were performed at User Facilities Center of Lomonosov Moscow State University under the financial support of the Ministry of Education and Science of Russian Federation. Authors are grateful to reviewers and associate editor for valuable notes and additions.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dmitry F. Lyskov
    • 1
  • Galina V. Degtjareva
    • 2
  • Tagir H. Samigullin
    • 3
  • Michael G. Pimenov
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Higher Plants, Biological FacultyMoscow Lomonosov State UniversityMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Botanical Garden, Biological FacultyMoscow Lomonosov State UniversityMoscowRussia
  3. 3.Department of Evolutionary Biochemistry, Belozersky InstituteMoscow Lomonosov State UniversityMoscowRussia

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