Plant Systematics and Evolution

, Volume 300, Issue 7, pp 1749–1757 | Cite as

Taxonomical classification and origin of Kamut® wheat

  • Veronika Michalcová
  • Roman Dušinský
  • Miroslav Sabo
  • Maja Al Beyroutiová
  • Pavol Hauptvogel
  • Zuzana Ivaničová
  • Miroslav Švec
Original Article


Bioagriculture and healthy lifestyle are trends of the twenty-first century. Bioagriculture involves the breeding of crops without using modern synthetic substances. Kamut brand wheat is one of the popular biocereals grown mainly in the USA and Europe. This cereal has the status of ancient wheat, not only because it has been grown since the era of the ancient Egyptian civilization, but also for its properties favorable for modern breeding programs and modern food marketing. In spite of Kamut’s® interesting history and stable place in the market, it is not a common subject of genetic studies. It is also interesting that it has not been successfully taxonomically classified yet. There are a few studies which classify this tetraploid wheat as Triticum polonicum L., T. turanicum Jakubz., T. turgidum L. and T. durum Desf. These studies are based on cytological and comparative methods. We chose molecular (transposable element resistance gene analog polymorphism, diversity arrays technology, sequencing of genes SBEIIa, and ψLpx-A1_like) and statistical methods to classify Kamut® wheat. According to our experiments we suggest that Kamut brand wheat originated as a natural hybrid between Triticum dicoccon conv. dicoccon and T. polonicum and is not original ancient Egyptian wheat. We suggest that Etruscan wheat has the same parents as Kamut®.


Kamut® Molecular taxonomy Origin TERGAP DArT 



This work was supported by the Slovak Research and Development Agency under the contract No. APVV-0661-10 and No. APVV-0197-10.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Veronika Michalcová
    • 1
  • Roman Dušinský
    • 1
  • Miroslav Sabo
    • 2
  • Maja Al Beyroutiová
    • 1
  • Pavol Hauptvogel
    • 3
  • Zuzana Ivaničová
    • 4
  • Miroslav Švec
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Genetics, Faculty of Natural SciencesComenius University in BratislavaBratislavaSlovakia
  2. 2.Department of Mathematics and Constructive Geometry, Faculty of Civil EngineeringSlovak University of Technology in BratislavaBratislavaSlovakia
  3. 3.Research Institute of Plant ProductionPiešťanySlovakia
  4. 4.Centre of Plant Structural and Functional Genomics, Institute of Experimental Botany AS CR, v. v. i.Olomouc, HoliceCzech Republic

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