Plant Systematics and Evolution

, Volume 300, Issue 5, pp 1051–1070 | Cite as

Phylogeny of New World Paspalum (Poaceae, Panicoideae, Paspaleae) based on plastid and nuclear markers

  • María A. Scataglini
  • Fernando O. Zuloaga
  • Liliana M. Giussani
  • Silvia S. Denham
  • Osvaldo Morrone
Original Article


Phylogenetic analyses of 131 terminals of Paspalum and related genera, based on both plastid and nuclear markers, were performed under maximum parsimony and Bayesian methods. The total evidence analyses generated a hypothesis showing that Paspalum would be monophyletic if Spheneria, Thrasyopsis and Reimarochloa are included within the genus. Paspalum inaequivalve and P. microstachyum, two species of the Inaequivalvia group were related to genus Anthaenantiopsis, excluded from Paspalum, or nested within it by plastid and nuclear markers, respectively. Subgenera Anachyris and Harpostachys were partially recovered as monophyletic assemblages, while subg. Ceresia and Paspalum resolved as polyphyletic. Within subgenus Paspalum, some informal groups were recovered as monophyletic, while others were resolved as paraphyletic or polyphyletic. Phylogenetic relationships among species of Paspalum were partially recovered possibly due to reticulation events among species, autopolyploidization and apomixis; all these processes being common in Paspalum, thus obscuring the infrageneric classification.


Paspalum Panicoideae Poaceae Phylogeny Classification 



Funding for this research was provided by ANPCyT (Agencia Nacional de Promoción Científica y Técnica, Argentina) (PICT No. 32640, PICT No. 01286, and PICT No. 1645), CONICET (Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas) (PIP 2011 No. 11220100100155), and National Geographic Society (Grant # 8365-07). We thank G. Rua, C. Quarín, and L. Aagesen for their helpful comments and G. Rua for making available plant material from its own collection.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • María A. Scataglini
    • 1
  • Fernando O. Zuloaga
    • 1
  • Liliana M. Giussani
    • 1
  • Silvia S. Denham
    • 1
  • Osvaldo Morrone
    • 1
  1. 1.Instituto de Botánica DarwinionSan IsidroArgentina

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