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Plant Systematics and Evolution

, Volume 300, Issue 4, pp 689–708 | Cite as

Comparative pollen morphology of annual Trigonella L. (Fabaceae) in Turkey

  • N. Munevver Pinar
  • Hasan Akan
  • Talip CeterEmail author
  • Zeki Aytac
  • Murat Ekici
  • Aydan Acar
  • Selin Akdogan
Original Article

Abstract

Pollen morphology of 38 Trigonella species was investigated with light microscopies and scanning electron microscopies. Pollen slides were prepared using Wodehouse technique. The pollen grains of Trigonella members are radially symmetrical and isopolar, their outlines are oblong in equatorial view and circular in polar view. Amb is semicircular. The pollen grains are prolate-spheroidal, oblate-spheroidal, suboblate, spheroidal, and prolate with the polar axes 13.5–49.9 μm and the equatorial axes 10.4–43.7 μm. The smallest dimensions are observed in T. spinosa and T. brachycarpa, and the largest in T. carica and T. rhytidocarpa. The pollen grains of Trigonella taxa are usually tricolporate or rarely tricolpate, pantocolporate, tetracolporate, and tricolpodiporate. Various ornamentation types were observed: Microreticulate (section Samaroideae, Pectinatae, Falcatulae, Cylindricae, Bucerates, Reflexae, Isthmocarpae, Capitatae and Foenum-graecum), rugulate-scabrate (section Lunatae, Uncinatae), perforate (T. halophila, T. rigida and T. carica from section Bucerates) and retipilatae (section Biebersteinianae) at equator region and psilate-perforate (section Samaroideae, Pectinatae, Bucerates, Reflexae, Isthmocarpae, Foenum-graecum, T. coelesyriaca, T. cilicica), rugulate-scabrate (section Lunatae, Uncinatae), microreticulate (Falcatulae, Cylindricae and Foenum-graecum) and retipilatae (section Biebersteinianae) at polar region. Ornamentations, pollen shape and the aperture type have been observed as important morphological characters.

Keywords

Fabaceae Trifoliae Trigonella Pollen morphology SEM Turkey 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors thank Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TUBITAK, TBAG Project No. 2099) for financial support.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. Munevver Pinar
    • 1
  • Hasan Akan
    • 2
  • Talip Ceter
    • 3
    Email author
  • Zeki Aytac
    • 4
  • Murat Ekici
    • 4
  • Aydan Acar
    • 1
  • Selin Akdogan
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Biology, Science FacultyAnkara UniversityAnkaraTurkey
  2. 2.Department of Biology, Arts and Science FacultyHarran UniversityŞanlıurfaTurkey
  3. 3.Department of Biology, Arts and Science FacultyKastamonu UniversityKastamonuTurkey
  4. 4.Department of Biology, Science FacultyGazi UniversityAnkaraTurkey

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