Plant Systematics and Evolution

, Volume 300, Issue 1, pp 63–73 | Cite as

The Bromeliaceae tank dweller Bromeliophila (Lejeuneaceae, Porellales) is a member of the Cyclolejeunea-Prionolejeunea clade

  • Jochen Heinrichs
  • Aleksandra Czumaj
  • Shanshan Dong
  • Armin Scheben
  • Alfons Schäfer-Verwimp
  • Denilson F. Peralta
  • Kathrin Feldberg
  • Alexander R. Schmidt
  • Harald Schneider
Original Article


The Neotropical genus Bromeliophila includes two species that grow exclusively in the water-filled leaf axils of Bromeliaceae. Phylogenetic analyses of a three marker dataset (chloroplast genome rbcL gene and trnL-F region, and nuclear ribosomal ITS1-5.8S-ITS-2 region) confirmed the monophyly of Bromeliophila and provided evidence for a sister relationship of Bromeliophila and Prionolejeunea; this clade is in turn sister to Cyclolejeunea. Despite remarkable morphological similarities, Bromeliophila is not closely related to Lejeunea and its close relatives Harpalejeunea and Microlejeunea. Based on the molecular topology and morphological evidence, Cyclolejeunea is subdivided in subgenus Cyclolejeunea and the monospecific subgenera Hyalolejeunea and Nephrolejeunea. Genetic relationships among multiple accessions of the same species support currently accepted morphological–typological species concepts.


Classification Epiphyte Epiphylly Jungermanniopsida Liverwort 



We are grateful to the directors and curators of the herbaria cited in the text for the loan of specimens and the permission for destructive sampling. This study was supported by the German Research Foundation [HE 3584/2 and 3584/4]. SD was supported by the China Scholarship Council (scholarship No. 2010697001). This is publication number 118 from the Courant Research Centre Geobiology that is funded by the German Initiative of Excellence.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jochen Heinrichs
    • 1
  • Aleksandra Czumaj
    • 2
  • Shanshan Dong
    • 2
  • Armin Scheben
    • 2
  • Alfons Schäfer-Verwimp
    • 3
  • Denilson F. Peralta
    • 4
  • Kathrin Feldberg
    • 1
  • Alexander R. Schmidt
    • 5
  • Harald Schneider
    • 6
  1. 1.Systematic Botany, Faculty of BiologyUniversity of Munich (LMU)MunichGermany
  2. 2.Department of Systematic Botany, Albrecht von Haller Institute of Plant SciencesGeorg August UniversityGöttingenGermany
  3. 3.Herdwangen-SchönachGermany
  4. 4.Instituto de BotânicaSão PauloBrazil
  5. 5.Courant Research Centre GeobiologyGeorg August UniversityGöttingenGermany
  6. 6.Department of Life SciencesThe Natural History Museum LondonLondonUK

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