Plant Systematics and Evolution

, Volume 299, Issue 10, pp 1839–1847 | Cite as

A new Onosma (Boraginaceae) species from Central Anatolia, Turkey

  • Onur KoyuncuEmail author
  • Ö. Koray Yaylacı
  • Kurtuluş Özgişi
  • Okan Sezer
  • Derviş Öztürk
Original Article


Onosma atila-ocakii sp. nova [Boraginaceae, Sect. Asterotricha (Boiss.) Gürke] is described and illustrated as a new species. It grows in a steppe on magnesite rocks in Eskişehir province (Central Anatolia, Turkey). Its description, photographs, and an identification key including related species (O. roussaei DC. and O. aucheriana DC.) are given. Diagnostic morphological and palynological characters of closely related species are compared and discussed. The characteristic features of indumentum and pollen structure are studied using a light microscope. The new species distinctly differs from related species because of its setose and adpressed retrorse–pilose indumentum, 2–3 rows of setules on foliar tubercles, 10–14 mm white petals and 2.1–2.6 × 1.7–2 mm dark brown nutlets. The International Union for Conservation of Nature threat category and observations on the ecology of the populations are noted. The distribution map of this new species and closely related species in Turkey is presented.


Biodiversity Boraginaceae Onosma Taxonomy Nomenclature 



We would like to thank Dr. Zafer Türkmen in Giresun University Department of Biology for supports.


  1. Akçin ÖE (2007) The morphological and anatomical properties of endemic Onosma armenum DC. (Boraginaceae) species. Int J Nat Eng Sci 1(2):37–43Google Scholar
  2. Akçin ÖE, Binzet R (2011) Micromorphological studies on nutlets of some Onosma L. (Boraginaceae) species from Turkey. Pak J Bot 43(2):743–752Google Scholar
  3. Akçin ÖE, Engin A (2005) The morphological, anatomical and ecological properties of endemic Onosma bracteosum Hausskn. & Bornm. (Boraginaceae) species. Turk J Bot 29:317–325Google Scholar
  4. Avcı M (2005) Çeşitlilik ve Bitki Örtüsü Açısından Türkiye’nin Bitki Örtüsü. Coğrafya Dergisi 13:27–55 İstanbul (in Turkish)Google Scholar
  5. Aytaç Z, Türkmen Z (2011) A new Onosma L. (Boraginaceae) species from southern Anatolia, Turkey. Turk J Bot 35:269–274Google Scholar
  6. Ball PW (1972) 9.Onosma L. In: Tutin TG, Heywood VH, Burges NA, Moore DM, Valentine DH, Walters SM, Webb DA (eds) Flora europaea: diapensiaceae to myoporaceae, vol 3. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp 89–94Google Scholar
  7. Binzet R (2007) Morphological and palynological futures and numerical taxonomy of Onosma L. (Boraginaceae) taxa distributed in East Mediterranean region. Ph.D. Thesis, Mersin University (in Turkish)Google Scholar
  8. Binzet R (2011) Pollen morphology of some Onosma species (Boraginaceae) from Turkey. Pak J Bot 43(2):731–741Google Scholar
  9. Binzet R, Akçin ÖE (2009a) Nutlet size, shape and surface ornamentation in 14 Onosma species (Boraginaceae). Acta Bot Croat 68(1):117–126Google Scholar
  10. Binzet R, Akçin ÖE (2009b) The morphological and anatomical properties of two endemic Onosma species (O. intertextum Hub.-Mor. and O. sieheanum Hayek). Acta Bot Hung 51(1–2):1–9CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Binzet R, Akçin ÖE (2012) The anatomical properties of two Onosma L. (Boraginaceae) species from Turkey. J Med Plants Res 6(17):3288–3329Google Scholar
  12. Binzet R, Orcan N (2003) Morphological, anatomical and palynological study of Onosma bracteosum Hausskn. & Bornm., and Onosma mutabile Boiss. (Boraginaceae). Phytologia. Balcanica 9(1):97–111Google Scholar
  13. Binzet R, Orcan N (2007a) A new species of Onosma (Boraginaceae) from southern Turkey. Novon 17:8–10CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Binzet R, Orcan N (2007b) Morphological and anatomical studies on Onosma roussaei DC. and Onosma giganteum Lam. (Boraginaceae). Herb J Syst Bot 10:57–76Google Scholar
  15. Binzet R, Orcan N (2009) Anatomical and palynological investigations on endemic Onosma mersinana Riedl, Binzet and Orcan. Pak J Bot 41:503–510Google Scholar
  16. Boissier E (1879) Flora orientalis. Geneva 4:178–203Google Scholar
  17. Cecchi L, Selvi F (2009) Phylogenetic relationships of the monotypic genera Halascya and Paramoltkia and the origins of serpentine adaptation in circummediterranean Lithospermeae (Boraginaceae): insights from ITS and matK DNA sequences. Taxon 58:700–714Google Scholar
  18. Cecchi L, Coppi A, Selvi F (2011) Evolutionary dynamics of serpentine adaptation in Onosma (Boraginaceae) as revealed by ITS sequence data. Plant Syst Evol 297:185–199CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Davis PH, Mill RR, Tan K (1988) Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands (suppl. 1). Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh, pp 184–185Google Scholar
  20. De Candolle A (1846) Prodromus systematis naturalis regni vegetabilis. Pars 10, ParisiisGoogle Scholar
  21. Dinsmore JE (1932) Flora of Syria, Palestine, and Sinai. American University Beirut Press, Beirut, pp 230–233Google Scholar
  22. Erdtman G (1952) Pollen morphology and plant taxonomy. First Publication, UpsalaGoogle Scholar
  23. Faegri K, Iversen J (1964) Textbook of pollen analysis. Munksgaard, CopenhagenGoogle Scholar
  24. Feinbrun-Dothan N (1978) Flora palaestina. Israel Acad Sci Humanit Jerus 3:70–72Google Scholar
  25. Ge-Ling Z, Riedl H, Kamelin R (1995) “Boraginaceae” editorial committee (eds.), Flora of China, vol 16, Science Press, Beijing, pp 329–375Google Scholar
  26. Güner A (2000) Onosma L. In: Güner A, Özhatay N, Ekim T, Başer KHC (eds) Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands (suppl. 2). Edinburgh Univ Press, Edinburgh, p 188Google Scholar
  27. Hayek A, Markgraf F (1970) Prodromus florae peninsulae. Balcanicae Verlag Des Repertoriums, Berlin, pp 83–90Google Scholar
  28. Hilger HH, Selvi F, Papini A, Bigazzi M (2004) Molecular systematics of Boraginaceae tribe Boragineae based on ITS1 and trnL sequences with special reference to Anchusa s.l. Ann Bot 94:201–212PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. IUCN (2001) IUCN red list categories and criteria: version 3.1. IUCN species survival commission. IUCN, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  30. Kandemir A, Türkmen Z (2010) A new species of Onosma (Boraginaceae) from eastern Turkey. Turk J Bot 34:277–282Google Scholar
  31. Kolarčik V, Mártonfi P (2006) Revision of the distribution of the genus Onosma (Boraginaceae) in Slovakia, Thaiszia. J Bot Košice 16:131–154Google Scholar
  32. Kolarčik V, Zozomova′-Lihova J (2010) Systematics and evolutionary history of the Asterotricha group of the genus Onosma (Boraginaceae) in central and southern Europe inferred from AFLP and nrDNA ITS data. Plant Syst Evol 290:21–45CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Maggi F, Kolarčik V, Mártonfi P (2008) Palynological analysis of five selected Onosma taxa. Biologia 63:183–186CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Mártonfi P, Mártonfiová L, Kolarčik V (2008) Karyotypes and genome size of Onosma species from northern limits of the genus in Carpathians. Caryologia 61(4):363–374Google Scholar
  35. Mehrabian AR, Sheidai M, Noormohammadi Z, Mozafarian V, Asrei Y (2012) Palynological diversity in the genus Onosma L. (Boraginaceae) of Iran. Ann Biol Res 3(8):3885–3893Google Scholar
  36. Mengoni A, Selvi F, Cusimano N, Galardi F, Gonnelli C (2006) Genetic diversity inferred from AFLP fingerprinting in populations of Onosma echioides (Boraginaceae) from serpentine and calcareous soils. Plant Biosyst 140:211–219CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Nazaire M, Hufford L (2012) A broad phylogenetic analysis of Boraginaceae: implications for the relationships of mertensia. Syst Bot 37(3):758–783CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Ocak A, Koyuncu O, Yaylacı K, Öztürk D, Karakaya M (2010) The flora and fauna of gürleyik. Eskişehir Metropolitan Municipality, Eskişehir (in Turkish)Google Scholar
  39. Özcan T (2008) Analysis of the total oil and fatty acid composition of seeds of some Boraginaceae taxa from Turkey. Plant Syst Evol 274:143–153CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Özcan T (2009) Characterization of Onosma bracteosum Hausskn.&Bornm. and Onosma thracicum Velen. Based on fatty acid compositions and α-tocopherol contents of the seed oils. IUFS J Biol 68(2):75–83Google Scholar
  41. Özhatay N, Kültür Ş, Aslan S (2009) Check-list of additional taxa to the supplement flora of Turkey IV. Turk J Bot 33:191–226Google Scholar
  42. Peruzzi L, Passalacqua NG (2008) Taxonomy of the Onosma echioides (L.) L. complex (Boraginaceae) based on morphometric analysis. Bot J Linn Soc 157:763–774CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Peruzzi L, Aquaro G, Cesca G (2004) Distribution, karyology and taxonomy of Onosma helvetica subsp. lucana comb. nova (Boraginaceae), a schizoendemic in Basilicata and Calabria (S. Italy). Phyton (Horn, Austria) 44:69–81Google Scholar
  44. Porto M, Pereira AJ, Jacinto M, Tauleigne-Gomes C (2012) Onosma tricerosperma subsp. tricerosperma lag. (Boraginaceae), a new species and genus to the Portuguese flora. Acta Bot Malacit 37:216–219Google Scholar
  45. Qureshi US, Qaiser M (1987) Palynological study of Onosma (Boraginaceae) from Pakistan. Pak J Bot 19:99–105Google Scholar
  46. Riedl H (1967) Onosma L. In: Rechinger KH (ed) Flora Iranica, vol 48. Akademische Druck und Verlagsanstalt, Graz, pp 121–169Google Scholar
  47. Riedl H (1978) Onosma L. In: Davis PH (ed) Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands, vol 6. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh, pp 326–378Google Scholar
  48. Riedl H, Binzet R, Orcan N (2005) A new species of Onosma (Boraginaceae–Lithospermeae) from Southern Turkey. Edinb J Bot 61:127–130CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Selvi F, Bigazzi M (2001) Leaf surface and anatomy in Boraginaceae tribe Boragineae with respect to ecology and taxonomy. Flora 196:269–285Google Scholar
  50. Shishkin BK (1974) Flora of the USSR. Bot Inst Acad Sci USSR 19:136–171Google Scholar
  51. Stevanovič V, Tan K, Iatrou G (2003) Distribution of endemic Balkan flora on serpentine. I. Obligate serpentine endemics. Plant Syst Evol 242:149–170CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Tarıkahya B, Erik S (2004) Türkiye Florası Üzerine. Kebikeç 17:139–163 (in Turkish)Google Scholar
  53. Teppner H (1991) Karyology of some Greek Onosma species (Boraginaceae). Bot Chron 10:271–292Google Scholar
  54. Teppner H (1978) Onosma. In: Strid A, Tan K (eds) Mountain Flora of Greece, vol 2. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh, pp 26–39Google Scholar
  55. Teppner H (1996) Remarks to the Onosma species O. bourgaei, O, spruneri and O. stellulata (Boraginaceae) offered. Samentauschverzeichnis (Bot Garten Inst Bot Univ Graz), p 33–39Google Scholar
  56. Teppner H (2008) An asterotichous, hexaploid Onosma from Bulgaria: O. malkarmayorum spec. nova (Boraginaceae–Lithospermeae). Phyton 48(1):117–132Google Scholar
  57. Tiwari UKL, Adhikari BS, Rawat GS (2011) On the recollection and rediscovery of Onosma pyramidale Hook. f., Boraginaceae from Chamoli, Uttarakhand. Asian J Pharm Life Sci 1(4):406–408Google Scholar
  58. Türkmen Z (2006) Morphological and palynological futures of Onosma L. (Boraginaceae) taxa distributed in Black Sea Region of Turkey. Ph.D. Thesis, KTU (in Turkish)Google Scholar
  59. Weigend M, Gottschling G, Selvi F, Hilger HH (2009) Marbleseeds are gromwells-systematics and evolution of lithospermum and allies (Boraginaceae tribe Lithospermeae) based on molecular and morphological data. Mol Phylogenet Evol 52:755–768PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Wodehouse RP (1935) Pollen grains. McGraf-Hill, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  61. Yıldırımlı Ş (2000) The chorology of the Turkish species of Boraginaceae family. Herb J Bot 7:257–272Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Onur Koyuncu
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ö. Koray Yaylacı
    • 1
  • Kurtuluş Özgişi
    • 1
  • Okan Sezer
    • 1
  • Derviş Öztürk
    • 1
  1. 1.Biology Department, Art and Science FacultyEskişehir Osmangazi UniversityEskişehirTurkey

Personalised recommendations