Plant Systematics and Evolution

, Volume 286, Issue 1–2, pp 27–37 | Cite as

Placement of Kuhlmanniodendron Fiaschi & Groppo in Lindackerieae (Achariaceae, Malpighiales) confirmed by analyses of rbcL sequences, with notes on pollen morphology and wood anatomy

  • Milton GroppoEmail author
  • Pedro Fiaschi
  • Maria Luiza Faria Salatino
  • Gregório Cardoso Tápias Ceccantini
  • Francisco de Assis Ribeiro dos Santos
  • Christiano Franco Verola
  • Alexandre Antonelli
Original Article


The phylogenetic placement of Kuhlmanniodendron Fiaschi & Groppo (Achariaceae) within Malpighiales was investigated with rbcL sequence data. This genus was recently created to accommodate Carpotroche apterocarpa Kuhlm., a poorly known species from the rainforests of Espírito Santo, Brazil. One rbcL sequence was obtained from Kuhlmanniodendron and analyzed with 73 additional sequences from Malpighiales, and 8 from two closer orders, Oxalidales and Celastrales, all of which were available at Genbank. Phylogenetic analyses were carried out with maximum parsimony and Bayesian inference; bootstrap analyses were used in maximum parsimony to evaluate branch support. The results confirmed the placement of Kuhlmanniodendron together with Camptostylus, Lindackeria, Xylotheca, and Caloncoba in a strongly supported clade (posterior probability = 0.99) that corresponds with the tribe Lindackerieae of Achariaceae (Malpighiales). Kuhlmanniodendron also does not appear to be closely related to Oncoba (Salicaceae), an African genus with similar floral and fruit morphology that has been traditionally placed among cyanogenic Flacourtiaceae (now Achariaceae). A picrosodic paper test was performed in herbarium dry leaves, and the presence of cyanogenic glycosides, a class of compounds usually found in Achariaceae, was detected. Pollen morphology and wood anatomy of Kuhlmanniodendron were also investigated, but both pollen (3-colporate and microreticulate) and wood, with solitary to multiple vessels, scalariform perforation plates and other features, do not seem to be useful to distinguish this genus from other members of the Achariaceae and are rather common among the eudicotyledons as a whole. However, perforated ray cells with scalariform plates, an uncommon wood character, present in Kuhlmanniodendron are similar to those found in Kiggelaria africana (Pangieae, Achariaceae), but the occurrence of such cells is not mapped among the angiosperms, and it is not clear how homoplastic this character could be.


Achariaceae Cyanogenic glycosides Lindackerieae Kuhlmanniodendron Pollen rbcWood anatomy 



The authors thank Dr. Peter K. Endress and two anonymous reviewers for their critical reading of the manuscript and important suggestions to improve it. The first author would like to thank FAPESP (processes # 2000/07401-0 and 2006/03170-0) and USP-ProIP program for financial support and José Ricardo Barosella for his technical guidance with the tests to detect cyanogenic glycosides. P.F. is grateful to CNPq (GDE # 200682/2006-7) and the Integrative Life Sciences program from Virginia Commonwealth University (VCU) for financial support. F.A.R.S. thanks FAPESB and CNPq for financial support and a grant. Phylogenetic analyses were made possible by grants from Carl Tryggers Stiftelse and Helge Axson Johnsons Stiftelse to A.A.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Milton Groppo
    • 1
    Email author
  • Pedro Fiaschi
    • 2
  • Maria Luiza Faria Salatino
    • 3
  • Gregório Cardoso Tápias Ceccantini
    • 3
  • Francisco de Assis Ribeiro dos Santos
    • 4
  • Christiano Franco Verola
    • 5
    • 7
  • Alexandre Antonelli
    • 6
    • 8
  1. 1.Departamento de Biologia, Faculdade de Filosofia, Ciências e Letras de Ribeirão PretoUniversidade de São PauloRibeirão PretoBrazil
  2. 2.Virginia Commonwealth UniversityRichmondUSA
  3. 3.Departamento de Botânica, Instituto de BiociênciasUniversidade de São PauloSão PauloBrazil
  4. 4.Departamento de Ciências BiológicasUniversidade Estadual de Feira de SantanaFeira de SantanaBrazil
  5. 5.Departamento de Botânica, Instituto de BiologiaUniversidade Estadual de Campinas Cidade UniversitáriaCampinasBrazil
  6. 6.Department of Plant and Environmental SciencesUniversity of GothenburgGothenburgSweden
  7. 7.Departamento de Botânica e EcologiaUniversidade Federal de Mato GrossoCuiabáBrazil
  8. 8.Institute of Systematic BotanyUniversity of ZurichZurichSwitzerland

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