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Distribution and diversity of Arctic-Alpine species in the Balkans

  • Vladimir Stevanović
  • Snežana Vukojičić
  • Jasmina Šinžar-Sekulić
  • Maja Lazarević
  • Gordana Tomović
  • Kit Tan
Original Article

Abstract

The distributions of 77 Arctic-Alpine species in the Balkans are mapped and the centers of their richness and diversity presented. Within the Dinaric Alps these are Mts Vranica, Durmitor, and Prokletije; in the Scardo-Pindhic mountains, Šarplanina–Rudoka–Korab form a continuous chain; in the Rhodope-Rila mountain system there are Mts Vitoša, Rila, and Pirin; while in the Balkan mountain system there are the West and Central part of Stara planina. A comparison of floristic richness and distribution of Arctic-Alpine flora in relation to altitude, geographical location, and geological substrate is made. Correlations between floristic richness and geographical distance of the Balkan mountains from the two main centers of Arctic-Alpine flora in Central Europe are also provided.

Keywords

Arctic-Alpine flora Balkan Peninsula Distribution Floristic richness 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This study was supported by funding from the Ministry of Science and Technological Development, Republic of Serbia (grant no. 143015, project: Diversity of flora and vegetation in the Central Balkan Peninsula—ecology, chorology, and conservation). We appreciate and thank the reviewers for their valuable comments.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vladimir Stevanović
    • 1
  • Snežana Vukojičić
    • 1
  • Jasmina Šinžar-Sekulić
    • 1
  • Maja Lazarević
    • 1
  • Gordana Tomović
    • 1
  • Kit Tan
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Botany, Faculty of BiologyUniversity of BelgradeBelgradeSerbia
  2. 2.Institute of BiologyUniversity of CopenhagenCopenhagen KDenmark

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