Cytotaxonomical study in Brazilian species of Solanum, Lycianthes and Vassobia (Solanaceae)
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- Rego, L.N.A.A., da Silva, C.R.M., Torezan, J.M.D. et al. Plant Syst Evol (2009) 279: 93. doi:10.1007/s00606-009-0149-9
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Solanum comprises about 1,400 species of shrubs, trees and vines. This group is cytogenetically interesting because it possesses karyotypes apparently conserved in chromosome number and shape, but with diversity in the repetitive DNA. The objective of this study is to characterize 16 species of Solanum and two species of closely related genera (Lycianthes australe and Vassobia breviflora) using cytogenetic parameters. All the species presented 2n = 24, confirming previous chromosome counting. Additionally, nonreticulated nuclei, proximal condensation in prophase-metaphase and little variation in the karyotype symmetry were observed. Solanum corymbiflorum exhibited chromosomes approximately three times bigger in relation to the other species. GC-rich heterochromatin was preferentially located at terminal regions and AT-rich blocks always appear in the centromeric regions. The 45S rDNA sites were coincident with C/CMA3+ regions (satellites) and found in just one pair, except in S. corymbiflorum which presented two pairs. FISH with 5S rDNA showed signals in the paracentromeric region of one chromosome pair, except in S. trachytrichium and S. gemellum which showed two hybridization signals. The results point out to different ways of karyotype differentiation in Solanum and closely related genera and bring important issues on the value of the cytogenetical information for taxonomic studies.