Plant Systematics and Evolution

, Volume 279, Issue 1–4, pp 69–86 | Cite as

A phylogenetic analysis of Dipsacaceae based on four DNA regions

Original Article

Abstract

Authors studied the phylogeny of Dipsacaceae using maximum parsimony and Bayesian analyses on sequence data from chloroplast (trnL intron, trnL–trnF intergenic spacer, psbB–psbH gene complex) and nuclear genomes (ITS1 and ITS2). Both data partitions as well as their combination show that Dipsacaceae is a monophyletic group. Topology in tribe Scabioseae is similar to those of other recent studies, except for the position of Pycnocomon, which is nested in Lomelosia. Pycnocomon, the pollen and epicalyx morphologies of which closely resemble those of Lomelosia, is interpreted as a psammophilous morphotype of Lomelosia, and its nomenclature has been revised accordingly. Exclusion of Pseudoscabiosa, Pterocephalidium, Pterocephalodes (and probably Bassecoia), Succisa, Succisella from Scabioseae is confirmed. Pterocephalodeshookeri is the sister group to the rest of the family. Its remoteness from Pterocephalus has been confirmed on molecular grounds. Lack of evident synapomorphies for various clades is interpreted as a possible consequence of fast adaptative radiation.

Keywords

Dipsacaceae Internal transcribed spacers (ITS) Phylogeny psbB–psbtrnL intron trnL–trnF intergenic spacer 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This project was partly funded by a MIUR PRIN 2005 grant. We thank Prof. P. Mazzola (University of Palermo, Italy) and Dr. E. Del Guacchio (Bagolifutura, Naples, Italy) for invaluable suggestions on nomenclatural matters; we are grateful to two anonymous scientists who contributed to greatly enhance the paper with their critical remarks.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Dipartimento delle Scienze biologiche, sezione di Biologia vegetaleUniversità di Napoli Federico IINaplesItaly
  2. 2.Dipartimento di Biologia strutturale e funzionaleUniversità di Napoli Federico IINaplesItaly
  3. 3.Department of Biological Sciences, B 609 Biological Sciences BuildingUniversity of Alberta EdmontonAlbertaCanada

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